|Title of Study|| JCM Feasibility Study|
|REDD+ through Forest Management Support and Livelihood Development, and Small-Scale Biomass-based Power Generation|
|Main Implementing Entity||Sumitomo Forestry Co., Ltd.|
|Study Partners||Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.; Askul Corporation; Yanmar Co., Ltd.; Vietnam Forestry University|
|Location of Project/Activity||Dien Bien Province, Northwest Region, Vietnam|
|Category of Project/Activity||Land Use Management|
Note: JCM proposed methodology, and calculation sheet are the result of the study. They have neither been officially approved, nor are guaranteed to be officially approved under the JCM.
|Description of Project/Activity||In Dien Bien Province, northwestern Vietnam, carry out forest preservation and revegetation activities combined with livelihood development measures in line with the province’s Forest Protection and Development Plan (FPDP). Quantify the reduction in pressure on existing natural forest and the increase in carbon accumulation by plantations and areas of revegetation as the GHG emission reductions. Also, use agricultural residues and waste wood to engage in biomass power generation and achieve GHG emission reductions by replacing electricity generated by fossil fuels.|
|JCM Methodology||Eligibility Criteria||Forest Management Segment:
Biomass Power Generation Segment:
- Criterion 1 – Existence of a basic plan for forest preservation;
- Criterion 2 – Low peatland area;
- Criterion 3 – Authority for land use in the project area or approval for project implementation;
- Criterion 4 – Safeguards in place.
- 1- Using only biomass residue for fuel.
- 2- Biomass residue from wood produced in the basic plan within the REDD+ scope.
- 3-The Source and traceability of biomass residue in the project area.
- 4- Little or no methane from the biomass residue in storage.
- 5-The electric power plant with the specified conditions of the type, the material and the eco-friendly aspects.
|Default Values||Forest Management Segment: Forest carbon stocks for each land use and cover category to be used as emission factors were set based on results of the most recent national forest inventory survey.|
Biomass Power Generation Segment: Default grid emission factors were set using the most recent official values announced by the Vietnamese government. Emission factors for fuels were set based on IPCC Guidelines and actual values from existing facilities.
|Calculation of Reference Emissions||Forest Management Segment: An increase of 63kt-CO2/yr calculated from the average change in forest carbon stocks at five-year intervals between 1990 and 2010, allowing for the effects of prior efforts under the 661 Program to reflect conditions in Vietnam.|
Biomass Power Generation Segment: GHG emissions when using public electricity supply connected to the grid shall be the reference emissions. Reference emissions came to 8,598t-CO2/yr, calculated by multiplying forecast electricity production after the project has started (not including power plant on-site electricity consumption) by the grid emission factor.
|Monitoring Method||Forest Management Segment: Monitor land use and cover maps as activity data and carbon stock for each category as emission factors at around five-year intervals. It is preferable that default data is used for emission factors.|
Biomass Power Generation Segment: Monitor electricity production, power plant on-site electricity consumption and electricity imported during operation/suspension of power generating units. Regarding woody biomass used as fuel, specify the origin (processing mill, tree species, etc.) and leave records.
|GHG Emission Reductions||Forest Management Segment: The change in forest carbon stocks was estimated based on conditions envisaged under the Provincial REDD+ Action Plan (PRAP) (forest preservation → land cover categories maintained; forest recovery → change from bare land to recovered forest from the 6th year onward; afforestation → change from bare land to plantation from the 5th year onward). Total GHG emission reductions by 2020, after subtracting forest deforestation forecast to occur outside the scope of PRAP and reference levels, are preliminarily estimated at 1,883kt-CO2.|
Biomass Power Generation Segment: GHG emission reductions calculated by subtracting GHG emissions from consumption of fossil fuels during transportation and on-site conveyance of biomass, the electricity requirement during operation/suspension of power generating units, and igniting agent/combustion improver consumption from reference emissions. Calculate for two cases: power generating units located away from (case 1) and adjacent to (case 2) the timber processing mill. Emission reductions are estimated at 7,928t-CO2/yr for case 1 and 8,410t-CO2/yr for case 2.
|Environmental Impacts||Forest preservation activity is being undertaken in accordance with the province’s basic forest policy and its Provincial REDD+ Action Plan (PRAP), and PRAP incorporates consideration of safeguards against impacts including environmental impacts. The plan is to generate power using biomass that will be made available as a result of the project activity.|
|Project Plan||In the forestry segment, independent demonstration activities will be carried out by a number of Japanese corporations by 2015.|
|Promotion of Japanese Technologies||Application of sustainable forestry business know-how and afforestation technology held by Japan or Japanese corporations is possible. Forestry information management technology, including GIS, can be applied. This includes image analysis technology and will constitute basic technology for MRV. In the biomass power generation segment, power generating units could be put to use, as could exhaust gas treatment and other environmental technologies and operational know-how relating, for example, to operations and safety management.|
In biomass power generation, precision and durability is required of power generation turbines and power generating unit parts, and JIS quality testing and standards are valid. Exhaust gas analysis technology and operational know-how relating, for example, to operations and safety management could also be put to use.
|Sustainable Development in Host Country||This project will contribute to sustainable development by increasing the area of forest through planting, and by carrying out forest management and natural forest preservation based on the categories of natural forest, production forest and community forest, as well as by providing local residents a source of revenue. It also establishes a direction for power generation using biomass residues that will become available in the area with agriculture and forestry development. As such, the project is consistent with Vietnamese government policy.|