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Reports of MOEJ/GEC JCM Feasibility Study: FY2013

Title of Study JCM Feasibility Study
10MW-scale solar power generation for stable power supply
FYFY 2013
Main Implementing Entitymyclimate Japan
Study PartnersSaisan Co., Ltd, and Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Securities Co., Ltd.
Location of Project/ActivityMongolia: Govi-Altai province, Taishir Soum district
Category of Project/ActivityRenewable energy
Study Report

Note: JCM proposed methodology, and calculation sheet are the result of the study. They have neither been officially approved, nor are guaranteed to be officially approved under the JCM.
Description of Project/ActivityThis proposed JCM project aims to construct 10MW-scale solar power generation system in Taishir district and sell the generated energy to the grid which is connected with neighboring 11MW hydro-electric generation plant.
In this project, the Feed-in-Tariff (FIT) scheme set by Mongolian government is utilized. This project will contribute to stabilizing power supply which is an urgent issue needed to be solved in the said district, mitigating the rapidly increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission, abating the serious air pollution and promoting sustainable energy usage and energy mix within the country.
JCM MethodologyEligibility Criteria
  1. The project activity is generation of mega-solar scale power (more than or equal to 1,000kW output) in Mongolia.
  2. The project activity is the installation of a new solar power generation system at a site where there has been no mega-solar scale power generation system, or capacity addition to the existing solar power generation system.
  3. The electricity generated by the project will be supplied to Altai Uliastai Regional Energy System in Mongolia to replace existing electricity generation. If there is any use of electricity imported from connected electricity systems located in other countries, this particular electricity will not be replaced by the project.
  4. The solar power generation system installed in the project measures net electricity supplied to the grid.
  5. The solar cell in the system have obtained: (i) certification of design qualifications and safety qualification set by the IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission), and/or (ii) any other national certifications that fully complied with the IEC.
  6. The solar power generation system installed in the project including power conditioner(s) in the system should have minimum conversion efficiency of 98%.
  7. The solar power generation system installed in the project is produced by a manufacturer from the country where there is: (i) a measure in place for reuse and recycle of equipment in the system after service life or (ii) an initiative for preparation of recycle and reuse measure underway.
Default ValuesA default value (0.0006tCO2/kWh) was set for the Altai Uliastai grid emission factor.
Calculation of Reference EmissionsReference emissions were calculated by monitoring the volume of electric power supplied to the grid and multiplying this by the emission factor to be substituted. One of the following will be selected by the operator as the grid emission coefficient prior to the start of the project validation survey.
For Option 2, the maintenance coefficient will also be discounted during calculation of the reference emission coefficient.
Option 1: The default value set in the methodology (0.6tCO2/MWh)
Option 2: The combined margin fully based on all the latest versions of grid emission factor tool will be calculated and the result adopted as the project eigenvalue.
Monitoring Method
  • Volume of electric power supplied to the grid by the project (common to both options)
  • Purchased volume of electric power (common to both options)
  • Altai Uliastai grid power supply mix (calculated for Option 1)
  • Project-specific emission factor of the grid substituted/consumed by the project (calculated for Option 1)
GHG Emission ReductionsGHG emission reduction: 7,781 (tCO2/year)
Reference emission volume: 7,813.1 (tCO2/year)
Project emission volume: 31.2 (tCO2/year)
  • Volume of generated power: (kWh): 13,021,819 (kWh)
  • Project power consumption: 51,996 (kWh/year)
  • Substituted grid emission factor: 0.0006 tCO2/kWh
Environmental ImpactsIt is not envisaged that the project will have an impact on the fauna and flora of the project target region. Environmental impact will be assessed in greater details by the environmental impact assessment scheduled to be performed during the next fiscal year.
Project PlanThe status of the project plan is detailed below.
    1. Specification of the Power Generation Implementing Entity
      The project is envisaged as a joint venture (JV) with bodies such as Unigas and Mongolian Corporations as the project implementation entities. Since Unigas, the principal entity of the joint venture, has expressed its intent to implement and make capital investment in the project, it is safe to say that the project implementation body has been ensured.
    2. Applications for Permits
      Applications for the various permits required to implement solar power generation projects in Mongolia have already been confirmed. The process of applying for the necessary permits will commence in 2014 with the aim of beginning the solar power generation project in January 2016.
    3. Overview Design
      The region where the project will be implemented in the Taishir Soum district of Govi-Altai Province has been inspected; liaison has been arranged; and selection of land, specification of equipment to be introduced, and overview design have been performed.
    4. Capital Planning
      Costs associated with the project has been verified and studies into methods of procuring capital have been performed. Beginning in 2014, procurement of capital will be promoted based on the results of foregoing studies and investigations.
Promotion of Japanese TechnologiesWhile recent years have seen a spread of large-scale solar power generation projects and solar power generation technologies, risks still exist that have not yet come to light. For this reason, a maintenance and management structure that incorporates operational, security and monitoring systems is absolutely essential to ensure the long-term sustainability of stable and safe power generation projects. Saisan is already involved in mega-solar projects in Japan and is conducting studies into the future application in Mongolia of the operational technologies it has acquired. Technologies created in Japan are predominant not only in terms of this type of hardware, but also on the software front.
Sustainable Development in Host CountryThe project will contribute to the sustainable development of the host country in the following three ways.
  • Improvement of serious air pollution (environmental aspect)
  • The realization of stable power supply (social aspect)
  • The promotion of renewable energy industries, the creation of employment, and the transfer of Japanese technologies (economic and technological aspects)

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