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Reports of MOEJ/GEC JCM Feasibility Study: FY2013

Title of Study JCM Feasibility Study
Improvement of REDD+ implementation using IC technology
FYFY 2013
Main Implementing EntityMitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.
Study PartnersNEC Corporation, NEC Fielding, Ltd., Ecological Economic Solutions Sdn Bhd (2ESolutions), and Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation (BOS-F)
Location of Project/ActivityEast Kalimantan Province, Indonesia
Category of Project/ActivityLand use management (REDD+)
Study Report

Note: JCM proposed methodology, and calculation sheet are the result of the study. They have neither been officially approved, nor are guaranteed to be officially approved under the JCM.
Description of Project/ActivityIn order to address common issues regarding monitoring activities in REDD+ projects, high-spec MRV methodologies are considered by making the best use of Information Communication Technologies (ICT).
JCM MethodologyEligibility CriteriaEligibility criteria in the methodology are defined as follows:
1) Definition of forest in Indonesia and Scope of REDD+
2) Authority to manage project area
3) Specification of satellite image and analysis method
4) Inclusion of safeguards
Default ValuesAs for default data and parameters, existing activity data and emission factors are considered. Specifically, carbon stock data by land cover category of RAD-GRK in East Kalimantan Province.
Calculation of Reference EmissionsReference Emission Level (REL) is identified as 180,000 [tCO2/year]. This means the CO2 emission reductions of 3.6 MtCO2 for 20 years in the project time period.
Monitoring MethodThe following items shall be monitored under the Methodologies.
    1) Area changes by land cover category
    2) Emission factors by land cover category
GHG Emission ReductionsCO2 emissions from land cover changes are calculated with activity data (area changes by land cover category) multiplied by emission factors (carbon stock per unit area).
According to the methodologies, the REL is estimated as 180,000 [tCO2/year]. After implementing project activities, including forest patrols, forest conservation and planting activities etc., the estimated project emissions is 0 [tCO2/year].
Therefore, the emission reductions will be 180,000 [tCO2/year] and 900,000 [tCO2] for 5 years during 2016-2020.
Environmental ImpactsThe Project will be conducted in an area for which Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation (BOSF) has already obtained the concession. The project area is at least 30 km away from the residential area of local people. Therefore, the Project will not have any impact on indigenous people and local residents. Also, a wide range of species are living in the operation site of the Project, and the Project is meaningful from the point of view of biodiversity conservation as well.
Project PlanImplementation schedule of the Project for the future years is shown below.
2011 ERC obtained (finished)
2012 Orangutan release activities commenced (Launch ecosystem restoration project)
2013-2015 Preparation for REDD+ Project
(Including: JCM feasibility study)
2016-2045 Implementation of REDD+ Project
Promotion of Japanese TechnologiesThe followings are expected as contributions from Japanese side:
  1. Utilization of remote sensing technologies
  2. Utilization of information terminals
  3. Utilization of Big Data solutions
Sustainable Development in Host CountryForest development is one of the important options for local communities. By promoting REDD+ projects and concepts in the region, it can contribute to making the region sustainable.

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