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Reports of JCM/BOCM Feasibility Studies: FY2012

Title of Study JCM/BOCM Feasibility Study
REDD+ for Conservation of Peat Swamp Forest, and Biomass-based Power Generation using Timber Mill Waste to Process Indigenous Trees derived from Conserved Forest
FYFY 2012
Main Implementing EntityMitsubishi UFJ Research and Consulting Co., Ltd.
FS PartnersWaseda University, Ehime University, Asia Air Survey, Palangkaraya University and PT. MU Research and Consulting Indonesia
Location of Project/ActivityIndonesia (Paduran Mulia Village, Central Kalimantan Province)
Category of Project/ActivityLand Use Management
Study Report

Note: Preliminary drafts of MRV Methodology and Calculation Sheet are the result of the study. They have neither been officially approved, nor are guaranteed to be officially approved under the JCM/BOCM.
Description of Project/ActivityFor reducing deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+ activities) in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, we identified drivers of deforestation and forest degradation and proposed counter measures and developed methodologies of REDD+ and biomass power generation system using wood biomass. From evaluation of proposed counter measures, we estimated GHG emission reduction.
Eligibility CriteriaDeveloped methodologies were considered to apply not only Central Kalimantan Province but also other regions. Also developed methodologies were kept consistency with decisions under UNFCCC.
Reference Scenario and Project/Activity BoundaryAccording to reference scenario, reference level in REDD+ was established as conservative manner, which is based on historical GHG emission trend and national circumstances. Reference scenario of biomass power generation system was based on current situation of target area.
Calculation Method OptionsWe applied LiDAR system as Japan's technology and estimate GHG emission from above-ground and peatland
Default Values set in MethodologyBased on IPCC emission factor database (EFDB) and published literatures, we identified default values. As for activity data, we assumed to use site/project specific data.
Monitoring MethodActivity data (forest area) was monitored by middle resolution satellite imagery which is applied in many REDD+ projects. Emission or removal factors were identified by LiDAR system and field survey (e.g. destructive sampling).
GHG Emissions and its ReductionsREDD+:
42,207 GgCO2 in total 20 years (2,110GgCO2/yr) by Tier 1, and 62,213GgCO2 (3,111GgCO2/yr) by Tier 2.

Biomass power generation system:
389,080MgCO2 in total 20 years (19,454MgCO2/yr).
Method of VerificationAccording to JCM/BOCM, we analyzed to keep the level of international standard of verification system.
Environmental ImpactsProposed activities of REDD+ and biomass power generation system were considered as very effective to keep ecosystem services. Therefore, there will not be environmental negative impacts.
Financial PlanBased on situation of JCM/BOCM and Indonesian policy on REDD+, financial inputs from private-sectors were assumed.
Promotion of Japanese TechnologyLiDAR system as Japan's technology was applied to monitor huge area of peatland and to estimate GHG emission from forest ecosystem.
Sustainable Development in Host CountryProposed activities of REDD+ and biomass power generation system were very effective to not only GHG emission reduction but also improvements of rural people's life. Also, proposed activities will bring positive impacts on land use plan and/or management in target site.

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