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Reports of JCM/BOCM Feasibility Studies: FY2012

Title of Study JCM/BOCM Feasibility Study
REDD+ in Tropical Lowland Forest
FYFY 2012
Main Implementing EntityConservation International Japan
Study Partners
  • Conservation International Foundation (CI-HQ and CI Cambodia Program)
  • Jenny Henman (Individual Consultant)
  • Forestry Administration of Cambodia (Partner for plot survey)
Location of Project/ActivityCambodia (Prey Long Area)
Category of Project/ActivityLand Use Management
Study Report

Note: Preliminary drafts of MRV Methodology and Calculation Sheet are the result of the study. They have neither been officially approved, nor are guaranteed to be officially approved under the JCM/BOCM.
Description of Project/ActivityTargeting the REDD+ project in the Prey Long Area, located in the north-east part of Cambodia, the project continued to resolve pending issues based on the last year's result. The final boundary of Protected Forest has been finalized about 400,000ha.

In the Prey Long area, deforestation is continuing due to small-scale, unplanned logging by local communities for their livelihood, and due to large-scale logging by companies obtaining concessions for developing agricultural land. The results of a current analysis have found rate of deforestation in the Prey Long Area is much higher than the average rate per year for Cambodia, which has been reported to be 0.8%, and supports the urgency of conservation in this area, as well as the potential for the REDD+ project.

Within this year's project, two sets of consultation meeting both with Government of Japan and with Royal Government of Cambodia had been held so that the study could receive the inputs from both governments. The project researched the technical and institutional aspect in order to realize the JCM/BOCM in Cambodia.
Eligibility Criteria
  1. The activities in the reference scenario are to lead to unplanned deforestation.
  2. Target areas has been forest for at least 10 years.
  3. Target areas not to include peat lands
Reference Scenario and Project/Activity BoundaryThe deforestation continues based on the reference scenario.

Spatial Boundary:
Project area is Prey Long Protected Forest, which has been at the finalization stage. The reference area is four provinces where Prey Long Protected Forest are to located.

Time Boundary:
The target of analysis was from 2001 to 2011
Calculation Method OptionsCalculation method 1:
Adopt the reference emission amount at the sub-national level

Calculation method 2-1:
Calculate targeting large scale deforestation

Calculation method 2-2:
Calculate targeting small scale deforestation
Default Values set in MethodologyCarbon stocks in above-ground and below-ground biomass pools and deadwood pool were measured in the target area.
Monitoring MethodForest change:
Monitor every few years by using the remote sensing images. Consider more frequent monitoring for better forest management.

Forest carbon stock:
The value applied with this feasibility study should be valid for ten years. It would be ideal that plot survey to be conducted within the National Forestry Inventory.
GHG Emissions and its Reductions4.5 million tCO2/10year
Method of VerificationIt is desirable to have a system for external reviews in order to ensure transparency and reliability, which is currently discussed as in UNFCCC.
Environmental ImpactsThe project plans to adopt CCB standards in order to ensure environmental integrity. On the environmental aspect, positive effects will be achieved in stopping forest degradation within the target area, where biodiversity is at the risk. Effect will be checked by monitoring selected species as an index of the health of biodiversity. In order to achieve forest conservation and to minimize the impact of doing so on outside the of the target area, a comprehensive societal approach will be adopted, considering aspects such as compensating for land ownership rights, and the provision and creation of livelihoods. In order to further understanding local residents, and to further increase the effects of the project, training will be needed using training manuals in the future. Legal compliance will be ensured through close collaboration with the FA in Cambodia.
Financial PlanInitially, activity expenses for 20 years, based on the hypothesis that inflation rate to be 5% per year, were estimated. Costs specific to the carbon project, such as carbon monitoring, are not included in the plan. It was estimated that the cost will be approximately US$36 million over 20 years. When a consultation meeting was held with the Cambodian government in October, REDD+ roadmap for the Prey Long area was drafted, and short-term, mid-term, and long-term activities were summarized. Based on the results, the budget plan for several items which were given as the initial investment expenses were summarized. JICA Cambodia is currently summarizing a draft proposal for support, and the total amount of it will be $87,200 for FY2013.
Promotion of Japanese TechnologyEffective types of support provided by the Japanese government in the area of forestry include the establishment of facilities, such as ranger stations for commencing forestry conservation activities, capacity building related to technologies required in the REDD+ project, such as satellite image analysis and highly accurate biomass surveys, and providing sustainable agricultural technologies; as well as improving irrigation facilities. Morever, transfering the ownership of projects to local organizations based on continuing capacity building support, after structure has been set in place.

It is believed that, in transferring the ownership of projects to local organizations, it is worth considering exploring linkages with the private sector, such as with financial institutions, in order to fulfill the gap of existing support, of JICA.
Sustainable Development in Host CountryThe forest in the Prey Long Area is an important watershed for sustaining fishery and agricultural activities in Cambodia and Vietnam, and is also a source of non-timber forest products such as resin, which the economy in local communities depends on. Also, the Cambodian government has positioned REDD as one of the strategic issues for prioritization in the National Forest Program (2010-2029). The Cambodian government aims to maintain forest cover in the country at 60% until 2015 by enhancing forest law enforcement and as well as by strengthening the governance structure. In conclusion, the implementation of the REDD+ project in the Prey Long area will contribute to achieving prioritized policies in the host country.

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