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Reports of New Mechanisms Feasibility Studies: FY2011

Title of Feasibility Study (FS)New Mechanism Feasibility Study for REDD+ in Prey Long Area, Cambodia
FYFY 2011
Main Implementing EntityConservation International Japan
FS PartnersCI Foundation(CI-HQ and CI-Cambodia Program)
Kyusyu University
University of Hyogo
Location of Project ActivityCambodia
Category of Project ActivityREDD+
Summary of FS ReportPDF (697KB)
Description of Project/ ActivityThe target of this feasibility study (the study) is to assess the REDD+ project in the Prey Long Area, located in the center-north part of Cambodia. Currently, the target project area is around 560,000 ha. The boundary will be revised according to the final area of the Protected Forest to be established by Cambodian government.
In the Prey Long Area, deforestation continues due to small scale, unplanned logging by local communities for their livelihood, and due to large scale logging by obtaining land concessions that lead land use change into agricultural activities. The deforestation rate in the Prey Long Area is much higher than average deforestation rate/year in Cambodia reported as 0.8%, therefore conservation of the Prey Long Area and the potential for REDD+ is regarded very highly.
The study assess the feasibility of combining forest conservation activities by Conservation Agreement at the community level and the forest management by Forest Administration (FA) at each provinces in the Prey Long Area to reduce deforestation and emissions from deforestation in the area.
Reference Scenario and Project/ Activity BoundaryThe project area will be the area of Protected Forest which is under the process of establishment by FA with the support of CI. Though the area has not been finalized as of February 2012, the overall consensus has been made between the provincial governors. The boundary stretches to provinces of Kratie, Kampong Thom, Stung Treng and Phear Vihear and FA estimates it is going to be around 400,000 ha.
Reference region is the area where the project analyzes its deforestation rate, driver, and pattern as a geographical reference. Cambodian government identifies the nested approach from sub-national to national-level as national strategy on REDD+ in the REDD+ Roadmap. The candidate sub-national units under the examination were a province, cantonment or sub-cantonment level.
For facilitating future process, the reference area needs to be consistent with a possible sub-national boundary decided by Cambodian government. Under this circumstance, the study applied entire four provinces where project boundary would locate as a reference region to draw the reference scenario.
Monitoring Methods and PlanAs the methodology for classification of forest cover and change (deforestation), the project applied method CI applies to more than eighteen countries around the world using Landsat imagery.
This method overlays the images from two observed year to detect the area of land cover change considering the change of reflection by using supervised classification method. By overlaying the change detected from this classification method to land cover classification map, the type of forest that were deforested could be identified. The study applied the map created by Cambodian government for the land cover classification map. In addition, by referencing the data obtained during the field survey, various polygons were created using Google Earth according to the land cover classification as a training data. As previously described, the aim of this method is to detect the deforestation. Classification method applied two points of timing by using six bands of Landsat imageries.
GHG Emissions and Reductions The study estimated a few scenarios of GHG emission reductions amount by using the existing carbon stock data. Below is the extract from various result;
Option 1: About 1.17 million tCO2 (2011-2020), about 3.25 million tCO2(2011-2025)

Option 2: About 1.17 million tCO2 (2011-2020), about 21.05millon tCO2(2011-2025)
MRV System for GHG ReductionsOverall
    - The method based on IPCC’s Good Practice Guidance is preferred.

    - For the forest change and biomass, please refer section 4.4.
    - Collect the GIS data for existing approved information that leads to the deforestation (i.e., annual logging allocation, Concessions, Community Forestry.
    - Apply 'Approach three' of IPCC report the forest change based on the collection and understanding of spatial information.
    - The external validation process is also being discussed by UNFCCC. It is ideal to establish the external validation system to secure the transparency and reliability.
    - As for verification method, the comparison of the analysis result for forest change can be considered. As for biomass, literature review and comparison with national and international REDD+ projects can be considered.
Analysis of Environmental, Socioeconomic and other Impacts (including Securement of Environmental Integrity)When PDD needs to be developed for the Prey Long Area in 2012 at the sub-national level, the project needs to consider applying either CCBS or REDD+ SES according to the discussion with FA.
Financial PlanningThe budget for REDD+ activities for the Prey Long Area was estimated by applying 5% inflation rate for the period of 20 years of activities. The cost for carbon related projects such as monitoring etc. was not included this time.
About 36 million US$ was estimated for twenty years of REDD+ activities.
Introduction of Japanese TechnologyThe possible introduction of Japanese technologies are; the establishment of rangers' station, capacity building for satellite image analysis and biomass survey with high quality that are required for REDD+, the support for the sustainable agricultural technique, improvement of irrigation facilities, and finally transferring the ownership of the project to local entity after the capacity building. Regarding the transferring the ownership of activities, the scheme could be developed beyond the existing framework of JICA and could include the partnership with private sectors such as financial industries.
(i.e. Improvement of Local Environmental Problems)
The protection of the Prey Long Area would restore the very rare lowland ever green forest and also would contribute to conserve the ecosystems with globally recognized endangered species. This could be a great example for Cambodian government to contribute to the goal established by CBD by utilizing the REDD+ scheme also.
Contribution to Sustainable Development in Host CountryThe forest in the Prey Long Area is important watershed to sustain the fishery and agriculture activities in Cambodia and in Vietnam, and also is the source of Non Timber Forest Product such as Resin which local communities are depending on their lives. The Prey Long Area is the remnant of large scale lowland evergreen forest and its protection is now at the highest priority. In addition, there are many indigenous communities living in the Prey Long Area. With their cultural background to depend their lives on the forest, those communities are protesting against the forest loss due to Economic Land Concessions. Based on these reasons, FA is preparing to declare the Prey Long Area as the Protected Forest by utilizing REDD+ scheme to contribute to create the benefit forest dependent local communities. Cambodian government regards the REDD as the most prioritized strategy within National Forest Program (2010-2029) and aims to maintain the 60% of the forest rate by 2015 by enhancing the law enforcement and by strengthening the governance structure to protect forest. As a conclusion, the implementation of REDD+ in the Prey Long Area would definitely contribute to the most prioritized strategy of Host County.

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