|Title of Feasibility Study (FS)||New Mechanism Feasibility Study for Urban Transport Management in Vientiane, Lao PDR|
|Main Implementing Entity||Katahira & Engineers International|
|FS Partners||Ministry of Public Works and Transport, Lao PDR, Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment, Lao PDR, Lao Transport Engineering Consultant, MEK Consultants Co.,Ltd. Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Securities Co., Ltd.|
|Location of Project Activity||Lao PDR|
|Category of Project Activity||Transportation|
|Summary of FS Report||PDF (669KB)|
|Description of Project/ Activity||In Lao PDR, traffic activities have been increasing rapidly with recent growth of economy. It is apprehensive that the increase of traffic activities can cause traffic congestions, traffic accidents, and air pollution. For coping with the future problems by traffic congestions, Lao government formulated “Master Plan on Comprehensive Urban Transport in Vientiane Capital in Lao PDR” which realize “Environmental Sustainable Traffic” strategy. The Master Plan was formulated with the assistance of JICA, and includes following basic plans: 1) Road Network Development, 2) Public Transport Development, 3) Traffic Management. Each plan includes sub projects. Promoting the Master Plan will improve the urban transport and reduce GHG emission of traffic.|
|Reference Scenario and Project/ Activity Boundary||The Study Team set up the Reference Scenario which reflected the past traffic trend and included the Road Network Plan of the Master Plan in the Reference Scenario. As subjects of the boundary, all the area of 2 districts and a part of 4 districts in Vientiane Capital were set up, according to the Master Plan survey.|
|Monitoring Methods and Plan||The monitoring includes correction of the Reference emission and the Project emission. The survey of the socio-economic data, the traffic and the emission factors are hoped to be implemented periodically. A part of these surveys includes techniques that the host country does not have. Assistance of donor countries will help the development of the monitoring method, monitoring organization and capacity development. |
|GHG Emissions and Reductions||Emission volume in 2025|
Reference Scenario : approximately 590 thousands tCO2
Project Scenario : approximately 380thousands tCO2
Reduction volume : approximately 210thousands tCO2
The amount of the GHG reduction on the project term(2013 to 2025) : approximately 1380thousands tCO2
|MRV System for GHG Reductions||Measurement (M)|
The emission of the Reference Scenario and the Project Scenario are quantified by the traffic activities and the emission factors.
The traffic volumes of the Reference Scenario and the Project Scenario are calculated by the traffic demand forecast, and are corrected by the results of the monitoring after the implementation of the project. Traffic survey and review or measure for the emission factors are hoped as the monitoring of the Project emission. The assistance of donor countries is needed for the implementation of monitoring.
It is appropriate that it is reported "before" and "during" implementation of the projects. The work plan (report before implementation) includes following items: outline of the project, setting up the Reference Scenario, Calculation of the GHG emission and reduction, monitoring method and organization. The monitoring report includes the results of the traffic survey, the calculation of the GHG emission and so on.
Verification and Validation(V)
Two processes, which are "before" and "during" implementing the project, are needed for the verification and the validation by independent organization. The pre-process is hoped to be simple one for only confirming the adequacy. The post-process is verification for results of the monitoring, and an objective review by an expert is hoped.
|Analysis of Environmental, Socioeconomic and other Impacts (including Securement of Environmental Integrity)||On formulating the Master Plan, initial environmental had been implemented to evaluate the projects on the environment and examine the mitigation. The procedures of IEA are going to be implemented for the projects such as road construction and widening in respect to environmental and social considerations. |
|Financial Planning||The Master Plan contains financial plan that needs the assistance of donor countries and authorities on the early phase of the projects. Some projects such as the bus vehicle procurement have been already undertaken.|
|Introduction of Japanese Technology||Each elemental technology, which is proposed on the Master Plan, is common conventional technology. However, many conventional technologies of Japan are recognized on high performance and quality. Furthermore, advanced technologies of Japan will promote the effects of the Master Plan. The market scale of Lao PDR is small. Solid approach of the public and private is hoped with a view to develop to the neighboring countries.|
(i.e. Improvement of Local Environmental Problems)
|The implementation of the Master Plan will increase the efficiency of the traffic activities and improve the air quality. The Study Team estimated the reduction volume of NOx with the Master Plan implementing. As the results, implementation of the Project Scenario will reduce NOx emitted from Vientiane transportation approximately 880 ton against the Reference Scenario.|
|Contribution to Sustainable Development in Host Country||Lao PDR is going to improve the urban environment arising from the traffic activities under “Environmentally Sustainable Transport”(EST) Strategy. The Master Plan is an upper plan of Lao PDR, and one of the plans which realize EST strategy of Lao PDR. The Master Plan is the comprehensive plan of the urban traffic. And implementation of the Master Plan will improve the economic utilization, air quality and prevent traffic accidents |