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Reports of New Mechanisms Feasibility Studies: FY2011

Title of Feasibility Study (FS)New Mechanism Feasibility Study for Waste Management Activities in Thailand
FYFY 2011
Main Implementing EntityPacific Consultants Co., Ltd.
FS PartnersThailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (TGO),
Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA),
Pollution Control Department (PCD),
Kankyo Vaccine, PCBK
Location of Project ActivityThailand
Category of Project ActivityWaste Management
Summary of FS ReportPDF (283KB)
Description of Project/ ActivityA Semi-aerobic (passive) landfill aeration
    a. Introduction of semi-aerobic aeration in landfill expansion plans in Rayong
    b. Introduction of semi-aerobic aeration at multiple landfill sites (of similar scale) around the Bangkok area (treated as one project)
B Composting using YM aerobes
    a. Composting using YM aerobes, for sewage sludge and night soil sludge treatment facilities in Nong Khaem
    b. Composting using YM aerobes, for sludge from night soil treatment facilities in On-Nuch
    c. Composting using YM aerobes, for organic waste from transfer station in On-Nuch
    d. Introduction of YM aerobes for organic waste treatment facilities (composting) plan in Rayong
C Incineration and electricity generation
    a. Introduction of 300 t/day incineration facilities for Bangkok City's municipal solid waste (Nong Khaem)
Reference Scenario and Project/ Activity BoundaryFor the reference scenario of waste management, the current situation is assumed to continue, with "open dumping or sanitary landfills." for 10 years.
The boundary will be delineated to include everything from the hauling of waste to GHG emissions from disposal at the landfill.
For the reference scenario of night soil sludge management, the current situation is assumed to continue, with "composting (sun drying)" for 10 years
The boundary will be delineated to include everything from the hauling of waste to the manufacture of fertilizer at composting facilities.
The emissions from transport will be excluded from calculations in all cases.
Monitoring Methods and PlanA Semi-aerobic landfill
the waste quantity (t) and composition (%), and methane emissions and CO2 emissions about twice a year.

B Composting using YM aerobes
the waste quantity (t) and composition (%), the weight of compost (t), the consumption of electricity (kWh) in the facility about twice a year.

C Incineration and electricity generation
the waste quantity (t) and composition (%), the consumption of electricity in the facility and generation of electricity (kWh) about twice a year.
GHG Emissions and ReductionsApprox.130 - 11,100,000 tCO2 (2012-2021)
MRV System for GHG ReductionsIn Thailand, it is common for waste treatment and disposal services to be subcontracted outright to the private sector, therefore it would be difficult to manage MRV. Thus, it is desirable to create an effective system for generating BOCM credits.
Analysis of Environmental, Socioeconomic and other Impacts (including Securement of Environmental Integrity)New environmental problems that might arise from implementation of projects can be avoided by careful consideration and design when developing the systems. In addition it would be worthwhile to consider Japan’s extensive experience on similar issues.
Financial PlanningVarious parameters have been identified—initial investment (construction costs, handling of CO2 credits; and so on)—and the results of calculations are shown benefits of implementing project of case A-a, A-b, B-c is very high.
Introduction of Japanese TechnologyTo promote the introduction of this technology, one solution is to provide information and work to raise awareness among waste-policy authorities in such countries relating to the benefits of the technology.
"Co-benefits"
(i.e. Improvement of Local Environmental Problems)
We calculated the following items in consideration of the domestic situation in Thailand and based on the "Manual for Quantitative Evaluation of Co-Benefits" (Ver. 1.9, June 2009).
Contribution to Sustainable Development in Host CountryThe BOCM project candidates under this study would have positive benefits if evaluated based on the above indicators for evaluating contribution to sustainable development in Thailand.

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