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Reports of MRV Demonstration Studies: FY2012

Title of Study MRV Demonstration Study using a model project
Integrated Energy Efficiency Improvement at Beer Factory
FYFY 2012
Main Implementing EntityRecycle One, Inc.
Study PartnersHanoi Beer, Alcohol and Beverages Corporation, Thanh Hoa Joint Stock Beer Company, Vietnam Beer Alcohol Beverage Association, Vietnam Certification Centre, Mayekawa Vietnam One Member Co., Ltd., Climate Experts, Ltd., Japan Quality Assurance Organization
Location of Project/ActivityViet Nam (Thanh Hoa Province)
Category of Project/ActivityEnergy Efficiency Improvement
Study Report

Note: Preliminary drafts of MRV Methodology and Calculation Sheet are the result of the study. They have neither been officially approved, nor are guaranteed to be officially approved under the JCM/BOCM.
Description of Project/ActivityThis research uses Thanh Hoa Factory (BTH) of HABECO, a major beer company in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, as a model case that intends to reduce GHG dramatically by introducing an energy-saving, low-carbon device system in the manufacturing process where a significant amount of energy is consumed and making an overall reduction in energy consumption.

In the object factory, devices that contribute to a reduction in fuel and power, such as vapor recompression and recycling steam systems in the preparation process and cascade cooling systems for the cooling process, in the model project for industrialization of CDM implemented in 2006 by Mayekawa MFG. Co., Ltd.
Eligibility Criteria
  1. Two or more of the following technologies shall be introduced in implementing the project, and shall be maintained periodically. Vapor recompression system (VRC), CO2 recovery and liquefaction system, cascade cooling system, heat pump system for pasteurizer, bottle washer heat recovery system, biogas recovery boiler.
  2. The applicable factory shall include manufacturing of either or both of beer and carbonated beverages.
  3. No drastic changes made in manufacturing process and products before and after the project implementation.
  4. Fossil fuels and electricity consumption within the boundary including production of products shall be measureable after the project implementation.
  5. In case of existing equipments are replaced by project activities, the equipments shall not be used in other locations.
  6. In case of using new biomass sources, the biomass shall be proven to be unused prior to the project implementation.
  7. In case of using renewable energy, electricity shall be generated solely from biomass sources and used for energy consumption within the project boundary.
Reference Scenario and Project/Activity BoundaryThe boundary covers the whole factory so that the effect of emission reduction of GHG can be reflected in operations improvement. As for the reference scenario, although (1) achievement of energy savings control, (2) realization of reductions through a voluntary energy savings plan in thje target factory, and all the rest are considered other than the BaU scenario, they do not exist, and so the BaU scenario was decided as a reference scenario.
Calculation Method OptionsCalculation option 1:
Available for expansion and renewal of existing installations
Simple calculation method that uses original units of energy consumption defaulted in the calculation of reference emissions.

Calculation option 2:
Available for renewal of existing installations
Simple calculation method that uses project eigenvalue in the calculation of reference emissions.
Default Values set in MethodologyGHG emission original unit of fossil fuel:
Utilization of IPCC default value
Power emission factor: Utilization of value published by the Vietnamese government

Energy consumption original factor in reference scenario:
Calculated on a questionnaire conducted in cooperation with a local beer industry group
Monitoring MethodAiming at simplification by using data of principle purchase amount
Refer to the following result of monitoring
Result of Monitoring Activity
Parameter
(Unit)
Monitoring pattern
Original data
Value
Reference
Project
Purchase amount of power (MWh)Pattern BBill from power company
2,036
2,433
Purchase amount of coal (t)Pattern BContract document
1,393
1,409
Shipping volume of beer (kL)Pattern BShipping ticket
7,134
17,329
Shipping volume of Bia Hoi (kL)Pattern BShipping ticket
8,790
8,262
GHG Emissions and its ReductionsReference emission: 7,443tCO2
Project emission: 4,594tCO2

Reduction amount: 2,849tCO2
Method and Result of Verification8 CARs were pointed out.
Environmental ImpactsAlthough the need for an environmental impact assessment (EIA) targets activities defined in the list associated with EIA law, this business does not fall into that. Also, we obtained comments from the ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment that toxic substances were not exhausted by implementing this business and instead, improvement in air pollution due to effluent processing loads and a reduction is expected in the amount of fossil fuel used.
Promotion of Japanese TechnologyIn generalizing and developing Japanese technology in the host country, differentiation from other countries by cost reductions due to localization of assembly and plant installation work, and by the supply of engineering of which Japan has superiority and of intangible services like plant maintenance is thought to be important.
Sustainable Development in Host CountryIn the host country that continues to develop economically, popularization of energy savings is an urgent need as a result of tight energy demand and supply in recent years. It is thought that this business will lead to a stable supply of energy and a reduction in GHG emissions through overall energy savings in the beer factory. Also, for business operators, a reduction in fuel and power costs is realized, along with productivity improvement, and the result of waste reduction is expected as well, and so such popularization contributes to improvements in competitiveness in the beer market that continues to grow in the future.

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