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Reports of MRV Demonstration Studies: FY2012

Title of Study MRV Demonstration Study using a model project
Small-scale Wind Power Generation with Remote Monitoring System
FYFY 2012
Main Implementing EntityKomaihaltec Inc.
Study PartnersMitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Securities
Instituto Investigaciones Electricas (IIE), Mexico
Location of Project/ActivityMexico
Category of Project/ActivityRenewable Energy
Study Report

Note: Preliminary drafts of MRV Methodology and Calculation Sheet are the result of the study. They have neither been officially approved, nor are guaranteed to be officially approved under the JCM/BOCM.
Description of Project/ActivityThe small-scale wind power generation projects phased in multiple locations such as factories and isolated grids in remote areas, using 300kW wind turbines to replace grid generated power. In this project, the emission reduction will be remotely monitored from offsite (i.e. Japan and Mexico City) through the remote monitoring system.

This project is expected to expand the wind energy market by improving the financing through the easier acquisition of emission credits for CO2 in small wind power generation projects, such as communities and remote areas or for the self-consumption, thus promote the GHG mitigation activities.
Eligibility Criteria
  1. The project shall be the installation of a new wind turbine generator.
  2. The electricity generated by the project shall be supplied to the national energy grid and/or independent mini-grid in Mexico to replace grid electricity.
  3. The wind turbine system shall be equipped with remote monitoring system that is connected to a computer system of a single entity responsible for monitoring of all systems installed by the project.
  4. The wind turbine systems shall be equipped with an inductive generator and AC-DC-AC link converter as well as be able to limit the output power by signals and to control reactive power, to secure the system reliability and smooth output in vulnerable and low capacity grid.
  5. The wind turbine generator systems should have obtained a certification of design type issued by internationally recognized assessment body (i.e.Germanischer Lloyd)
Reference Scenario and Project/Activity BoundaryReference Scenario
The power supplied to the grid by the project, other alternate power to be supplied to the system.

Project Boundary
The project boundary is the whole of Mexico where wind turbines are connected to the remote monitoring computer system of the project participants (institution / organization one). In addition, the boundary includes all wind power plants and all other power generation facilities connected the them physically through the electrical system.
Calculation Method Options
Default Values set in MethodologyIt is assumed that the grid CO2 emission will change according to the CO2 emission reduction scenario set by the Mexican government, and the grid emission factor will follow the same curve as the total CO2 emission reduction curve.

Assuming that the grid emission factor of 2012 in the BAU scenario (public comment on April 28, 2012, registered on 5 December) is the Combined margin of 0.603tCO2/MWh, that is the latest registered CDM projects, it is calculated that the grid emission of 2012 in the reduction scenario is 0.53tCO2/MWh, which also serves as the default value.

For the purpose of calculating emission reductions conservatively, the default value is required to be reviewed after a certain period of time.
Monitoring MethodThe monitoring organization remotely received daily data of what was recorded in the data logger including the 10 minutes numbers of the watt-hour meter for electricity sales that are connected to the wind generator.
Result of Monitoring Activity125.281MWh is the amount of power generation measured in the period of two months until November 14 from September 15.
GHG Emissions and its ReductionsSince the recorded value is the value after subtracting the power used by the wind turbine itself, the project emission is zero.
Reduction during the monitoring period is 66tCO2.
Method and Result of VerificationBased on the monitoring results, third-party verification was conducted. The verification agency was IIE (Instituto de Investigaciones Eléctricas) Energías No Convencionales (non-conventional energy sector), which is the alternative energy sector of the Electric Power Research Institute of Mexico. Calculation of emission reductions that have been shown in the monitoring report submitted to them has been confirmed to be accurate in the validation.
Environmental ImpactsAlthough in the small-scale wind power project, negative impacts on the environment are usually very limited, it is necessary to minimize the influence, such as noise, damages to the ecosystem, or to the landscape, by appropriate site planning.
Promotion of Japanese TechnologyThere are very few competitors of the 300kW wind turbine. With the financial support of BOCM/JCM, it is likely that the proposed Japanese technology is disseminated.
Sustainable Development in Host CountryThe New president of Mexico, who took office in December 2012, is focused on the regional development. The small-scale wind power generation projects as proposed here are in the same line with the policy directions of the new president.

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