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Reports of CDM Feasibility Studies: FY2012

Title of Feasibility Study (FS)Programme to Reduce Non-Renewable Biomass Consumptions through Introduction of High-Efficiency Cook Stoves
FYFY 2012
Main Implementing EntityTepia Corporation Japan Co., Ltd.
FS Partner(s)<Japan>
ALCEDO corporation; and Japan Quality Assurance Organization
<Nepal>
Subhalakshya Developers Pvt. Ltd.; and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kathmandu University
Location of Project ActivityNepal
Category of Project ActivityEnergy Efficiency Improvement
Targeted GHGCarbon Dioxide (CO2)
CDM/JICDM
Report
Description of Project ActivityThe PoA aims to reduce the non-renewable biomass (NRB) consumption by introducing the highly efficient cooking appliance named high-efficiency cook stove (HCS) to the households in Nepal. The HCS consumes less quantity of wood fuel than the traditional cook stove (TCS), so that it would result in the reduction of NRB. Thus the PoA achieves the emission reduction of GHG as well as the decrease of smoke and the efficient use of forest resources.
Methodology to be appliedAMS-II.G (ver.05.0): "Energy efficiency measures in thermal applications of non-renewable biomass"
Baseline ScenarioAccording to AMS-II.G, the baseline scenario is the use of fossil fuel for meeting similar thermal energy needs of the households included in the CPA, PoA. Without the project implementation, a large quantity of NRB would have been continuously consumed. Owing to the high efficiency of HCS, the consumption of wood fuel is reduced and accordingly, the corresponding amount of fossil fuel for generating the same energy contained in NRB.
Monitoring PlanThe following 3 parameters are to be monitored during the crediting period.

Ny: Number of project devices that are operating in year y
ηnew: Efficiency of the device being deployed as part of the project activity in year y
fNRB,y: Fraction of woody biomass saved by the project activity in year y that can be established as non-renewable biomass

60 households per each CPA are randomly chosen and done telephone survey as a preliminary survey for cluster sampling survey every year. The result is used for choosing the number of sampling households where the efficiency test of HCS (water boiling test; WBT) is carried out. The share of NRB is applied the latest approved value by the Nepalese DNA.
Estimation of GHG Emission ReductionsThe estimated emission reduction of CPA-1 is as follows.
Annual: 1,887tCO2e
Total during the crediting period: 18,868tCO2e
Duration of Project Activity/ Crediting PeriodDuration of PoA: 28 years
Crediting period of each CPA: 10 years
(* The crediting period of CPA-1 is planned to be started from 1/1/2014.)
Environmental Impact AnalysisThe environmental impact analysis is carried out at the PoA level. The qualitative analysis against the following 3 fields is conducted in this survey.
  • Indoor air quality
  • Forest resource
  • Solid waste (disposal of TCS)
Demonstration of AdditionalityThe additionality of CPAs under PoA is demonstrated based on
"Guidelines for demonstrating additionality of microscale project activities (ver.04.0)." The geographical boundary of the PoA is the whole Nepal, one of the LDCs; the condition (a) of the paragraph 3 is met. In addition, all CPAs also meet another condition (b) since both sub-conditions (i) "each of the independent subsystem (each HCS) in CPA achieves an estimated annual energy savings smaller than 600MWh" and (ii) "end users of the subsystems are households" are met. "this is the test'
Project FeasibilityThe HCS production and sales strategy is being set up in the BOP business promotion survey entrusted by JICA as of the end of March, 2013. Thus the implementation of the project is considered very feasible; moreover the Nepalese government also expects the implementation of the project.
Contribution to Sustainable Development in Host CountryThe implementation of the CPA under the PoA will contribute to the sustainable development in Nepal on the following field.
  • Improvement of people’s health
  • Efficient use of forest resource
  • Decline of dependency on fossil fuels
  • Creation of employment opportunities

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