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Reports of CDM Feasibility Studies: FY2012

Title of Feasibility Study (FS)Programme for Integrated Energy Efficiency Improvement of Dyeing Process
FYFY 2012
Main Implementing EntityPEAR Carbon Offset Initiative, Ltd.
FS Partner(s)Green Project W.S.T
Location of Project ActivityBangladesh
Category of Project ActivityEnergy Efficiency Improvement
Targeted GHGCarbon Dioxide (CO2)
CDM/JICDM
Report
Description of Project ActivityThe PoA will reduce energy and water consumption in textile dyeing and finishing process through optimizing dyeing process from yarn to fabric including promoting high quality yarns and introducing direct dyeing, new generation reactive dyeing and other new dyes according to factories and buyers requirements. The technologies and know-hows will be introduced and promoted by Green Project Water Saving Technology (W.S.T), voluntarily as the W.S.T was established with a vision of promoting the water and energy saving technologies in Bangladesh Textile and Garment industry.

The PoA is a voluntary action promoted by the W.S.T. The W.S.T is the coordinating/managing entity (CME) of the PoA and responsible for overall supervising and managing the PoA. PEAR is the PoA developer and CER buyer. The PEAR also supports the W.S.T on their management.

Methodology to be appliedAMS-II.D (Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for industrial facilities, version 12)
Baseline ScenarioIn the absence of the CDM project activity, the factories would continue to apply the current conventional dyeing practices to consume energy at historical average levels, until the time at which the dyeing practices would be likely to be replaced by the energy and water saving technologies in the absence of the CDM project activity.
Monitoring PlanThe W.S.T will act as the overall supervisor and prepare a monitoring report periodically (typically annually) to the DOE by using the reports by factories.

The CPA implementers will undertake the monitoring (especially preparing the monthly and annual status report) based on the operation and monitoring manual prepared by The W.S.T. The WST has the responsibility to manage and operate all of the CPA.
The monitoring parameters and monitoring frequency of them are given as follows.
  • Number of batches for the project (monthly aggregation)
  • Water consumption per batch for the project (per batch)
  • Steam consumption per batch for the project (per batch)
  • Electricity consumption per batch for the project (per batch)
  • Electricity production and fuel consumption of generators that provide electricity for the factory (yearly)
Estimation of GHG Emission ReductionsEstimated GHG emission reduction is 1,627tCO2/yr.
Duration of Project Activity/ Crediting PeriodThe duration of the PoA is 28 years and the crediting period of each CPA is 10 years
Environmental Impact AnalysisAs the PoA focuses on process change or process optimization in the existing textile and garment factories that have had environmental clearance certificates and the PoA is seen as no any negative environmental impacts then an additional environmental impact assessments for PoA is not required.
Demonstration of AdditionalityThe CPA additionality is stipulated as one of the eligibility criteria of the PoA. As for the additionality of the PoA, the PoA is additional if the each CPA under the CPA is additional.
The CPA additionlaity is demonstrated through "GUIDELINES FOR DEMONSTRATING ADDITIONALITY OF MICROSCALE PROJECT ACTIVITIES, version 04".
Project FeasibilityAs the PoA almost does not require any additional investment and the technology the W.S.T introduced is not a new technology, the feasibility of the project is not seen as a problem.
Contribution to Sustainable Development in Host CountryThe contribution of the PoA to sustainable development of Bangladesh is attributed to the environmental positive impacts of the PoA explained as below.

The project will contribute to ensure future water security in Bangladesh.

The underground water is the main source of drinking water in Bangladesh. However, for textile dyeing in Bangladesh garment industry, underground water also has been used dominantly. It has been figured out that the heavy lifting of underground water on a regular basis in so many places including Dhaka city is causing the underground water levels to dry up faster than is normal. The project promises to reduce underground water consumption for textile dyeing process significantly.

The project will contribute to ease land subsidence having occurred.

It is reported that there are too many places in the country where the heavy withdrawal of underground waters have disturbed the soil layers and caused land subsidence. Even in the capital city and other cities of the country that depend disproportionately in the lifting of underground water for household and other uses, land subsidence is noted to be a serious consequence of the practice. Thus, from the preventing the disfigurement of land and its calamitous effects, a reducing consumption of underground water is an indispensable way.


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