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Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studies: FY2011

Title of Feasibility Study (FS)CDM PoA Feasibility Study for Energy Utilisation of Broiler Chicken Manure in Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan
FYrFY 2011
Main Implementing EntityEx Corporation
FS Partner(s)USB, UK-PF, Kaz-Trev, Ural-Energo
Location of Project ActivityKazakhstan
Category of Project ActivityWaste Management
Targeted GHGCarbon Dioxide (CO2) and Methane (CH4)
Description of Project ActivityThe Project, with its target on UK-PF which runs a big poultry farm annually raising 1 million broilers on the land of 550,000ha in the Eastern Kazakhstan, proposes the switch of fuels for heating broiler houses from coal to poultry manure through boiler conversion whereby GHGs emission reduction is achieved with mitigation of local environmental pollution arising from coal combustion in boilers and increasingly stockpiled poultry manure.
Methodology to be appliedAMS-I.C.: Thermal energy production with or without electricity (ver.19), and
AMS-III.E.: Avoidance of methane production from decay of biomass through controlled combustion, gasification or mechanical/thermal treatment (ver.16.0)
Baseline ScenarioThe baseline scenario of heat supply to the broiler houses in UK-PF poultry farm is defined that the use of existing coal fuel boilers will continue while the poultry manure will be kept stockpiled at the disposal site located within the geographical boundary of the poultry farm without its use as energy sources.
Monitoring PlanIn accordance with the AMS-IC and AMS-IIIE, the following parameters are to be monitored for estimating the actual GHGs emission reduction by the project activity.
  • Heat supplied from poultry manure boilers in the project scenario
  • Low heat value of poultry manure
  • Calorific value and CO2 emission factor of coal fuel used in the existing boilers
  • Electricity consumption by heat production and supply system with poultry manure boiler
  • CO2 emission factor of the grid electricity
Estimation of GHG Emission ReductionsEmission reduction to be achieved by implementing a typical unit of CPA (Introducing 2 units of poultry manure boilers with the designed manure treatment capacity of 250kg/hr treatment capacity) is estimated as 4,462 tons of CO2 on annual average during 10 years of boiler operation.
If all the poultry manure generated from the poultry farm (approximately 29,000ton/yr) is fully utilized as the substitute fuel of coal, the estimated GHGs emission reduction will reach 64,705 tons annually on average during 10 years of boiler operation. When all of 29,000ton/yr of chicken manures produced from this broiler is used as fuel, the emission reduction would be 64,705 ton CO2 per year.
Duration of Project Activity/ Crediting PeriodPOA: Project period is 28 years from 2012 to 2039
CPA: The 1st phase of the project starts in 2012, and project and credit periods are both 10 years.
Environmental Impact AnalysisThe proposed project is required to conduct EIA in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations in Kazakhstan. The potential environmental impacts of the propose project are as follows:
  • Increased risk of bio-safety of the broilers due to handling of manure near broiler houses (The instant input of manure to the boilers will minimize such risk.)
  • Emission of air pollutant and generation of incineration ashes from poultry manure boilers (Although proper handling is required, the potential impact will be small compared to those from continuous use of existing coal boilers.)

On the other hand, the project will reduce air pollutant emission from coal boilers. The disposal amount of poultry manure will also be reduced by its use as fuel.
Demonstration of AdditionalityBased upon the Attachment A to Appendix B of the simplified modalities and procedures for small scale CDM project activities, following barriers were clearly identified to demonstrate the additionality of the project.
  • Investment barrier
  • Technological barrier
  • Barrier due to prevailing practice
Project FeasibilityThe UK-PF, the implementation entity of project has made clear that it will make the final investment decision based on the final project proposal with the result of F/S. After the final visit to UK-PF in late February, UK-PF will shortly make the final decisions about the 1st CPA implementation.
UK-PF also has the plan to increase their production capacity of broilers with more capacity addition of hot water supply by boilers. EBRD has expressed intention of financing for such investment by UK-PF.
Therefore, if the financial feasibility of the poultry manure boiler is proved by the 1st CPA, introduction of poultry manure boilers will further accelerated.
How to Expand CPAs under the PoAFirst of all, a typical CPA will be introduced by its own finance of UK-PF. Based on the performance results of this 1st CPA, UK-PF will decide whether or not to further promote introduction of manure boilers. The propose project targets that all the manure generated will be utilized as the fuel through boiler conversions.
"Co-benefits" (i.e. Improvement of Local Environmental Problems)Co-benefits of the project activity include reduction of air pollutants emission (fall dust and SOx emissions) and coal ash generation through reducing the use of coal boilers. The project also reduces the amount of manure disposal within the project boundary. (Approximately 3,120 ton of manure is reduced by implementing a typical CPA with 2 units of manure boilers with the treatment capacity of 250kg/hour.)
Contribution to Sustainable Development in Host Country-

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