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Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studies: FY2004

Title of the researchFeasibility Study on Effective Using of Landfill Gas in Lugansk, Ukraine
FYFY 2004
Main research organizationShimizu Corporation
Research partner(s)Municipality of Lugansk, Protos
Location of the projectLugansk City
Summary of the research report (PDF)200405.pdf(67kb)
Description of the projectThe system is composed of gas collecting facilities (vertical extraction wells, lateral piping, blowers, airtight sheet), gas treatment facilities, gas reservoir facilities, power generating equipment and flaring equipment.
Capacity of the power generating equipment will be set so as to secure stable power output and also enhance the investment effect. In other words, capacity will be set so that rated power supply can be secured irrespective of fluctuations in the amount of gas that is recovered during the project period. According to the current forecast, it appears that one generator of 500 kW can be installed. It is scheduled to consume part of the power generated by the gas engine generator within the plant (blowers, etc.) and then sell the excess power to the grid.
Capacity of the gas engine generator will be finally determined upon commencing LFG collection and reviewing the actual quantity. If the generated amount of LFG is much lower than expected or is highly unstable, consideration will be given to the option of not installing a generator and merely destroying methane gas by flaring.
Flaring equipment will be installed to destroy excess methane gas not used in the gas engine generator. Moreover, when the generator cannot be used due to inspections or emergency stoppages, all generated methane gas will be removed in the flaring equipment.
GHGCH4, CO2
Sector of the projectWaste Management
CDM/JIJI
Duration of the project activity/ crediting period2008-2022
Baseline methodology/additionalityBaseline methodology
In the project, the consolidated baseline methodology for landfill gas project activities (ACM0001) and the consolidated monitoring methodology for landfill gas project activities are adopted as the baseline and monitoring methodologies. In the project, emission reductions resulting from substitution of energy generated on the grid side will be claimed, however, figures approved by the Government of Ukraine will be used as the baseline when doing this.
The following scenario was set for the baseline:
- Handling of LFG : there is no LFG collection at all.
- Grid emission factor : a figure approved by the Government of Ukraine

Additionality
Additionality is demonstrated using the tools for the demonstration and assessment of additionality. Within this, the baseline scenario will be identified and demonstrated by means of screening and investment analysis. In the investment analysis, it is demonstrated that the project is not the baseline by using the benchmark.
Estimation of GHG emissionsIt is estimated that the emission reduction is 4.63*105t-CO2 for 2008-2022 as total crediting period.
Monitoring methodologyIn the project, the consolidated baseline methodology for landfill gas project activities (ACM0001) and the consolidated monitoring methodology for landfill gas project activities are adopted as the baseline and monitoring methodologies.
Environmental impactThe project has the following beneficial environmental impacts and thus complies with environmental protection policy in Ukraine:
>>Environmental improvement effect via landfill site odor prevention
>>Environmental improvement effect via reduction of pollutant emissions into the atmosphere through collection of LFG
>>Environmental improvement effect through prevention of landfill site fires
>>Substitution of deteriorated power generation systems
Issues and tasks for project implementationIt is scheduled to advance the project with a view to commencing operation from January 2008, when credits can be acquired.
ValidationIt is necessary to select an OE that has an operating base in Japan and actual experiences in CDM validation and/or JI determination. It was also considered necessary to select an OE that has received the accreditation from the CDM Executive Board in the field of this project (Sectoral Scopes 1 and 13). As a result, DNV Co. was selected as the OE.
Communications with the DNV have so far comprised the interview with Shimizu Corporation implemented on January 21, 2005. Within this, the DNV pointed out one CAR (Corrective Action request) and 10 CL (Clarification). These items were reflected in the second edition of the PDD, meaning there were no more pending items in the final report issued on February 17. The following conclusions were demonstrated with respect to the project: 1) In the view of the determination team, "Lugansk Landfill Gas Capture and Power Generation Project in Ukraine" is likely to meet the UNFCCC criteria for JI project activities. 2) Emission reductions attributable to the project are hence additional. 3) The project is likely to achieve the estimated amount of emission reductions. (Each of these are quoted from 5. Determination Opinion of the Preliminary Determination Report prepared by the DNV.

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