|Home > Activities > Archives|
Activities in Fiscal Year 1998
(December 1999)[Projects Supporting UNEP IETC]
Dispatching Cooperation Staff
In addition to providing facilities and equipment, GEC dispatched cooperation staff (both technical experts and general staff) to assignments under the guidance of UNEP-IETC Director. UNEP-IETC/GEC cooperation staff organized the Expert Meeting on Sustainable Management of Wastewater and Stormwater and the Round Table on Application of Environmental Management System Principles to Urban Management.
GEC launched a program to collect information and construct a database on Cleaner Production (CP) technology in addition to the End of Pipe technology. In the fiscal year 1998, we established the Committee to Promote Cleaner Production chaired by Professor Toru Morioka, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University. Under the guidance of the committee, the concept of CP technology was considered and GEC implemented the questionnaire and hearing to companies to collect information on CP technologies in Japan. GEC provided meetings for presentation of CP technologies in Japan by companies and relevant organizations to collect information and encourage information exchange. We developed a prototype database including search tools, and also dispatched fact-finding missions to Thailand and China to find out about their needs.
March 1-7, 1999 (China)
Venue: <Bangkok, Thailand>
Ministry of Industry of Thailand (MOI), Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment of Thailand (MOSTE), Environmental Research and Training Center (ERTC), Thai Environment Institute (TEI), Asia Institute of Technology (AIT), and UNEP Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP)
<Shanghai and Beijing, China>
China's Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) and Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES)
Database Construction of Information on Environmental Technology in Japan
GEC updated and enhanced the environmental information database named Database on New Environmental Technology Transfer for the 21st Century (NETT21).
Database Construction of Air Pollution Continuous Monitoring Technology
We introduced a Windows NT-based server to improve information retrieval functions and effectively provide information on environmental technologies to developing countries.
Supporting Activities to Disseminate "maESTro"
Efforts were directed towards the dissemination of "maESTro," a database management tool for the searchable ESTs directory developed by UNEP-IETC.
Case Study for Transfer of Environmental Technology
In February 1998, GEC held a "Seminar on Environmental Technology" in Bangkok, Thailand under the guidance of the Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology chaired by Professor Nobuo Takeda, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University. Based on the experience in cooperation with the counterpart in Thailand, the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment (MOSTE), and GEC launched the case study on water pollution improvement. The working group headed by Professor Isao Somiya, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, was established under the committee to facilitate the project. In February 1999, concerned individuals in Japan and Thailand held a preparatory meeting aimed at establishing the Thailand-Japan Committee of Environment Technology. At the same time, we conducted field surveys of water pollution conditions.
Preparatory Meetings for the Committee of Environment Technology and Field Studies
Period: February 1-9, 1999
Objective: Selection of a case study theme and surveys for each theme proposed by the Thai counterpart
Venue: Bangkok and Lamphun, Thailand
Compilation of Information on Environmental Monitoring Technology
Since fiscal 1997, GEC has collected and edited technologies related to air pollution monitoring under the Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Monitoring Technology, which is chaired by Professor Yasuaki Maeda, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University. This committee also includes researchers, administrators, and measuring instrument manufacturers as members. Based on collected data, a publication of the air continuous monitoring technology was published and its database was constructed in fiscal 1998. In the same year, GEC collected and edited the technologies related to water pollution monitoring and published the book on these technologies including the development and implementation of water quality measuring plans, as well as on the principles and composition of measuring instruments.
Collection and Dissemination of Information on On-Site Green Technique (OGT)
GEC was disseminated to developing countries information on the simple and inexpensive On-Site Green Technique (OGT), an environmental preservation technique developed at production sites since 1996. In fiscal 1998, GEC collected, sorted OGT information relating to Cleaner Production (CP) technology and translated them into English and stored the collected data into the CP technology database.
Publication of Japanese Version of "IETC's INSIGHT"
GEC in conjunction with the International Lake Environment Committee Foundation (ILEC) published a series of Japanese version of "IETC's INSIGHT", the newsletter of UNEP-IETC to domestically provide information on UNEP-IETC. The Japanese version includes not only the translations of articles from the original English version but also additional articles introducing the various activities of its supporting foundations, GEC and ILEC.
From May 6 to 8, 1998, UNEP-IETC held the Expert Meeting on Sustainable Management of Wastewater and Stormwater at the Guesthouse in the Tsurumi-Ryokuchi Park in Osaka, which was cosponsored by GEC, the International Lake Environment Committee (ILEC), and Health Cities Programme, World Health Organization (WHO). The meeting, planned by GEC's cooperation staff dispatched to UNEP-IETC, is regarded as the initial step of the project, Promotion of Sustainable Management of Wastewater and Stormwater. The participants discussed the contents of the publication that will be compiled in the project and teaching materials for training. GEC also supported the meeting by providing secretariat services.
Supporting the Round Table on Application of Environmental Management System Principles to Urban Management
UNEP-IETC and the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) held an expert meeting on Environmental Management Systems (EMS) intended for local governments. This meeting was held from September 7 to 9, 1998 in Szentendre, a suburb of Budapest, Hungary. GEC dispatched EMS experts to the meeting to present information on EMS by local governments in Japan. The participants agreed that EMS is an effective tool for urban environmental management in developing countries and that it is important to apply EMS principles according to the each country's situation, and to take any possible actions.
Date:September 7-9, 1998
Venue: Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC)
Organizers: UNEP-IETC and REC
Number of participants: 31
UNEP held the 5th International High-Level Seminar on Cleaner Production from September 29 to October 1, 1998 in Korea. In the seminar, Cleaner Production (CP) movements worldwide were reported. Section meetings were held to discuss problems in production and service sectors, financial aid, and dissemination of information. GEC presented its activities including the development of the CP technoogy database. The International Declaration on Cleaner Production was signed, which aims to further disseminate the concept of CP to every nation in the world.
Participation in International Cooperation Day
To commemorate International Cooperation Day (October 6th), International Cooperation Festival was held at Hibiya Park in Tokyo from October 4 to 5 and One World Festival was held at Tsurumi-Ryokuchi Park in Osaka on November 3, 1998. GEC, together with UNEP-IETC and the International Lake Environment Committee Foundation (ILEC), participated in the festival to disseminate information on our activities.
[Projects for Capacity Building to Support UNEP and to Promote International Cooperation]
Survey and Research Project
Environmental Management Systems (EMS) and Auditing form a major element of companies' environmental conservation activities, and are indispensable tool for the sustainable development. In October 1997, GEC was authorized as a training institution for environmental auditors by the Japan Accreditation Body for Conformity Assessment (JAB) in registration system based on ISO 14001. GEC provided various training courses, disseminated the concept of EMS, and conducted relevant projects, as well as formal training courses for environmental auditors. GEC also joined the Japan Auditors Training Association (JATA) whose members comprise auditor training agencies of Quality Management Systems and EMS to collect and exchange information here and abroad.
a. Environmental Auditor Formal Training Courses and Internal Environmental Auditor Training Courses
In fiscal 1998, GEC provided four sessions of environmental auditor formal training courses and three sessions of the internal environmental auditor training courses. The formal training courses are accredited by JAB as well as Environmental Auditors Registration Association (EARA) in UK and completing this courses is one of the requirements to be an officially registered environmental auditor. GEC also assisted in ISO 9000-related training courses organized by other training providers.
[Internal Environment Auditor Training Courses]
[Internal Environmental Auditor Training Course]
Number of participants: 25
Number of participants: 18
Number of participants: 17
c. Participation in Osaka Municipal Government's Feasibility Study for Achieving EMS Certification
d. Supporting Seminars Related to EMS
[Training Course on EMS Implementation for SMEs]
[Training Course on EMS Implementation for Local Governments]
Date: October 13-14, 1998 / Venue: Hyogoken Nogyo Kyosai Kaikan
[Training Course for the Development of EMS]
Date: October 15-16, 1998 / Venue: Hyogo Eco Plaza
[Internal Auditor Training Course for EMS]
Date: March 11-12, 1998 / Venue: Hyogo Eco Plaza
Projects Promoted by the Research Group on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries
Since 1995, in cooperation with the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES), a research institute of China's Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), GEC had conducted "The Japan-China Joint Project for Automobile Emissions Problems ﾐ Studies on Automobile Driving Patterns and Emission Factor of Pollutants in Beijing," under the guidance of the Research Group on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries (chief: Professor Yutaka Suzuki, Faculty of Engineering, Setsunan University/Professor Emeritus of Osaka University). The project achieved the desired outcome and was concluded in March 1998. To propose the future direction as well as to review the results of the studies, GEC held the "Japan-China Environmental Cooperation Seminar: Requirements for Future Environmental Cooperation" with participants from the CRAES staff and people concerned with automobile problems in Japan (companies, local governments, and international cooperation organizations) on December 14 and 15, 1998.
The Japan-China Environment Cooperation Seminar
Date: December 14-15, 1998
Venue: International House, Osaka and GEC
Organizers: Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES), GEC
Number of participants: 58
Environmental Technology Exchange Program with Shanghai City
The Environmental Technology Exchange Program with Shanghai City, China, a sister city of Osaka, was inaugurated in fiscal 1996. Commissioned by Osaka Municipal Goverment, GEC has conducted needs-studies and held a workshop on control measures for automobile exhaust gas. In fiscal 1998, we summed up the activities carried out over the previous three years, holding discussions as a means of cooperation on a plan to set up automobile exhaust gas monitoring stations. GEC contributed substantially to the development of two programs of Shanghai City aimed at automobile pollution control and air pollution monitoring.
Proof Study on Energy Saving Technology for Urban Environmental Preservation
The Research Group on Effective Urban Energy (chief: Professor Minoru Mizuno, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University) was designed to study the quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of, and to promote, new energy systems; solar cell, fuel cell, and electric power generated by refuse incineration, all of which are energy sources of UNEP-IETC Osaka facilities. In fiscal 1988, GEC carried out a proof study on new energy-saving technology for business buildings, on the basis of the Survey on Energy Saving Technology for Urban Environmental Preservation implemented in fiscal 1997.
Proof Study on the New Energy Systems
The new energy systems have proven themselves energy sources with less impact on the environment. We have continuously verified the long-term effects of the new energy test facilities and maintained the facilities to demonstrate the new energy systems.
Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC provided a training course on Heavy Metal Pollution Control in cooperation with the Department of Environment, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Osaka Prefectural Government and other organizations. This training aims to train versatile personnel who can formulate measures to prevent environmental pollution caused by heavy metals. The program included lectures, analyses, practical training, and facility tours.
JICA Environment Management Seminar
Commissioned by JICA, GEC provided the seminar on Environmental Management in cooperation with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government and other organizations. This seminar aims to enhance the abilities of administrators who play major roles in environmental management in their respective countries, formulating measures for comprehensive environment management plans in developing countries. Eight participants from eight different countries in Asian regions were given approximately one-month training.
The program included seminar-style lectures, discussions, and facility tours.
JICA Training Course on Urban Solid Waste Treatment
Commissioned by JICA, GEC provided the training course on Urban Solid Waste Treatment in cooperation with the Environment Management Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government and other organizations. Five participants from five countries were given approximately three-month training including lectures on collection methods of urban wastes, intermediate treatment and final disposal, laboratory work and facility tours.
JICA Training Course on Air Pollution Control
Commissioned by JICA, GEC provided a training course on Air Pollution Control in cooperation with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government and other organizations. Eight participants from seven different countries were given approximately three-month training including lectures on air pollution control, evaluation and management technologies and laboratory work and facility tours.
GEC Networking Project for the Former Training Participants
The networks were established to promote information exchange between GEC and the former training participants, mainly of JICA training courses conducted by GEC, and among former participants as well. GEC has followed up the training courses and presented current environmental information in Japan through the networks. We have also collected information from the network participants in an effort to find out about their needs. In fiscal 1998, we visited network participants in the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam to call for cooperation in the networks and to select a key personnel from each country. In March 1999, GEC held One-Day Seminar in Manila, the Philippines and Bangkok, Thailand respectively: Solid waste treatment and low-emission vehicle dissemination projects promoted in large cities in Japan are presented and also exchanged ideas and opinions with the participants. At the same time, we visited the waste dumping site and air monitoring stations. Furthermore, GEC published the network newsletter GEC PLAZA No. 1 and 2 and to facilitate information exchange among network participants.
GEC held the "Symposium on Global Warming in Osaka - Kyoto Protocol and Our Challenge" to gain a deeper understanding of the significance and contents of the Kyoto Protocol adopted in UNFCCC-COP3 held in December 1997 and to support the nation-wide promotion of measures against global warming. The symposium was held as part of the national symposium relay planned by the Environment Agency of Japan and other parties.
Assistance to "Seminar on International Cooperation: Environmental Cooperation between Curitiba and Osaka and Roles of Local Governments and Citizens (NGO)"
At the Chinretsukan Hall on November 28, 1998, GEC held "Seminar on International Cooperation" commissioned by the Osaka Municipal Government. The seminar was held as one of international cooperation projects of the Osaka Municipal Government. The municipal government had promoted exchange of know-how on environmental conservation with Curitiba Municipal Government, Brazil, in line with the Agreement for Experience of Environmental Protection signed with Curitiba Municipal Government. The actual state of environmental cooperation between both cities was reported upon. Participants, including general citizens, exchanged views on how to facilitate international cooperation activities by local governments and citizens.
Collecting and Providing, Disseminating Information
Since fiscal 1997, GEC has made this library accessible to the public, although in a limited manner. It is stocked with books on global environmental preservation, including UNEP-related books. We have continued to enhance the library by adding UNEP-related and other books. There are now approximately 4,000 titles in the library.
Publication of GEC Newsletters (in English and Japanese)
The Japanese version of GEC NEWSLETTER, the 14th issue published in April 1998, the 15th in September 1998, and the 16th in March 1999, introduced special feature articles related to GEC activities, to make the newsletter more substantial. The 7th edition of the GEC Newsletter in English was published in July 1998, introducing GEC activities and special feature articles related to GEC seminars held abroad. To strengthen our public-relation activities, In-house Committee on public relations has established in GEC since fiscal 1998.
Publication of Annual Report (in English and Japanese)
Global Environment Centre Foundation Annual Report 1997 (in English and Japanese) was compiled and distributed to relevant organizations in Japan and abroad. Incidentally, the Annual Report 1997 won a prize of Graphic Design in Japan 1999 and was carried in the almanac, which is published by Japan Graphic Designers Association, Inc. (JAGDA).
As a member of APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) Steering Council for Environmental Technology Exchange Promotion, GEC took part in a workshop and other events provided by APEC Environmental Technology Exchange Virtual Center (APEC-VC) on November 18, 1998. GEC also joined and cooperated with the virtual center sub-committee, the sub-committee of planning and operating for information exchange, and working groups set up under the steering council.
Participation in Workshop on Greening Government Operation
Mexican Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resource and Fisheries hosted a Workshop on Greening Government Operation in Mexico City, Mexico from October 13 to 19, 1998. GEC participated in the workshop and reported on examples of ISO 14001-certified Japanese local governments. The aims of the workshop for the Mexican government were to streamline governmental organizations and increase economic effects by introducing Environmental Management Systems (EMS) with participation of experts from developed countries.
Participation in the 7th International Environmental Cooperation Forum, West Japan
The 7th meeting of the International Environmental Cooperation Forum, West Japan was held by the International Lake Environment Committee (ILEC) on March 10, 1998. The forum, held annually, is comprised of six regular member organizations and seven observer member organizations including UN agencies and national governmental agencies. In October 1998, GEC took a leading part in the preparation of a Forum Note for enhancing mutual communications and information exchange.
GEC strove to increase the number of holders of the credit card it jointly developed with JCB Co., Ltd. Under this credit card system, a portion of the amount paid when using the card in shopping, traveling, and the like is automatically contributed to GEC. Accordingly, card users can support global environmental conservation activities without making special donations.