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Activities in Fiscal Year 1998

(December 1999)
[Projects Supporting UNEP IETC]
Dispatching Cooperation Staff
    Dispatching Cooperation Staff

      In addition to providing facilities and equipment, GEC dispatched cooperation staff (both technical experts and general staff) to assignments under the guidance of UNEP-IETC Director. UNEP-IETC/GEC cooperation staff organized the Expert Meeting on Sustainable Management of Wastewater and Stormwater and the Round Table on Application of Environmental Management System Principles to Urban Management.
Collecting and Providing Information
    Information on Environmental Technologies Focusing on Cleaner Production Technology

      GEC launched a program to collect information and construct a database on Cleaner Production (CP) technology in addition to the End of Pipe technology. In the fiscal year 1998, we established the Committee to Promote Cleaner Production chaired by Professor Toru Morioka, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University. Under the guidance of the committee, the concept of CP technology was considered and GEC implemented the questionnaire and hearing to companies to collect information on CP technologies in Japan. GEC provided meetings for presentation of CP technologies in Japan by companies and relevant organizations to collect information and encourage information exchange. We developed a prototype database including search tools, and also dispatched fact-finding missions to Thailand and China to find out about their needs.
        a. Meeting for Presentation of CP
          • The 1st session: December 25, 1998 (Venue: GEC)
          • The 2nd session: February 18, 1999 (Venue: KKR Hotel Osaka)
        b. Fact-finding Mission
          Period: January 26-31, 1999 (Thailand)
          March 1-7, 1999 (China)
          Venue: <Bangkok, Thailand>
          Ministry of Industry of Thailand (MOI), Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment of Thailand (MOSTE), Environmental Research and Training Center (ERTC), Thai Environment Institute (TEI), Asia Institute of Technology (AIT), and UNEP Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP)
          <Shanghai and Beijing, China>
          China's Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) and Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES)

    Database Construction of Information on Environmental Technology in Japan

      GEC updated and enhanced the environmental information database named Database on New Environmental Technology Transfer for the 21st Century (NETT21).

      Database Construction of Air Pollution Continuous Monitoring Technology
        Based on Technology of Air Pollution Continuous Monitoring in Japan, published in fiscal 1998, GEC constructed its database to disseminate the information through GEC's homepage to developing countries and other countries.
        We introduced a Windows NT-based server to improve information retrieval functions and effectively provide information on environmental technologies to developing countries.

    Supporting Activities to Disseminate "maESTro"

      Efforts were directed towards the dissemination of "maESTro," a database management tool for the searchable ESTs directory developed by UNEP-IETC.
      • Entry of information on NETT21 into UNEP-IETC environmental technology database
        The contents of technical information and case examples stored in the On-Site Green Technique (OGT) database on NETT21 into the searchable ESTs directory developed by UNEP-IETC.
      • Dispatching Experts to UNEP-IETC's Task Force Meetings
        GEC dispatched experts to task force meetings held by UNEP-IETC to improve the system environment and increase the operating efficiency of the system because of an increase in the number of data entries and users and the growing popularity of the Internet.

    Case Study for Transfer of Environmental Technology

      In February 1998, GEC held a "Seminar on Environmental Technology" in Bangkok, Thailand under the guidance of the Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology chaired by Professor Nobuo Takeda, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University. Based on the experience in cooperation with the counterpart in Thailand, the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment (MOSTE), and GEC launched the case study on water pollution improvement. The working group headed by Professor Isao Somiya, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, was established under the committee to facilitate the project. In February 1999, concerned individuals in Japan and Thailand held a preparatory meeting aimed at establishing the Thailand-Japan Committee of Environment Technology. At the same time, we conducted field surveys of water pollution conditions.

        Preparatory Meetings for the Committee of Environment Technology and Field Studies
        Period: February 1-9, 1999
        Objective: Selection of a case study theme and surveys for each theme proposed by the Thai counterpart
        Venue: Bangkok and Lamphun, Thailand

    Compilation of Information on Environmental Monitoring Technology

      Since fiscal 1997, GEC has collected and edited technologies related to air pollution monitoring under the Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Monitoring Technology, which is chaired by Professor Yasuaki Maeda, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University. This committee also includes researchers, administrators, and measuring instrument manufacturers as members. Based on collected data, a publication of the air continuous monitoring technology was published and its database was constructed in fiscal 1998. In the same year, GEC collected and edited the technologies related to water pollution monitoring and published the book on these technologies including the development and implementation of water quality measuring plans, as well as on the principles and composition of measuring instruments.

    Collection and Dissemination of Information on On-Site Green Technique (OGT)

      GEC was disseminated to developing countries information on the simple and inexpensive On-Site Green Technique (OGT), an environmental preservation technique developed at production sites since 1996. In fiscal 1998, GEC collected, sorted OGT information relating to Cleaner Production (CP) technology and translated them into English and stored the collected data into the CP technology database.

    Publication of Japanese Version of "IETC's INSIGHT"

      GEC in conjunction with the International Lake Environment Committee Foundation (ILEC) published a series of Japanese version of "IETC's INSIGHT", the newsletter of UNEP-IETC to domestically provide information on UNEP-IETC. The Japanese version includes not only the translations of articles from the original English version but also additional articles introducing the various activities of its supporting foundations, GEC and ILEC.
Seminars and Symposia
    Supporting the Expert Meeting on Sustainable Management of Wastewater and Stormwater

      From May 6 to 8, 1998, UNEP-IETC held the Expert Meeting on Sustainable Management of Wastewater and Stormwater at the Guesthouse in the Tsurumi-Ryokuchi Park in Osaka, which was cosponsored by GEC, the International Lake Environment Committee (ILEC), and Health Cities Programme, World Health Organization (WHO). The meeting, planned by GEC's cooperation staff dispatched to UNEP-IETC, is regarded as the initial step of the project, Promotion of Sustainable Management of Wastewater and Stormwater. The participants discussed the contents of the publication that will be compiled in the project and teaching materials for training. GEC also supported the meeting by providing secretariat services.

    Supporting the Round Table on Application of Environmental Management System Principles to Urban Management

      UNEP-IETC and the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) held an expert meeting on Environmental Management Systems (EMS) intended for local governments. This meeting was held from September 7 to 9, 1998 in Szentendre, a suburb of Budapest, Hungary. GEC dispatched EMS experts to the meeting to present information on EMS by local governments in Japan. The participants agreed that EMS is an effective tool for urban environmental management in developing countries and that it is important to apply EMS principles according to the each country's situation, and to take any possible actions.

        Date:September 7-9, 1998
        Venue: Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC)
        Organizers: UNEP-IETC and REC
        Number of participants: 31
Other Activities
    Participation in the International Seminar on Cleaner Production

      UNEP held the 5th International High-Level Seminar on Cleaner Production from September 29 to October 1, 1998 in Korea. In the seminar, Cleaner Production (CP) movements worldwide were reported. Section meetings were held to discuss problems in production and service sectors, financial aid, and dissemination of information. GEC presented its activities including the development of the CP technoogy database. The International Declaration on Cleaner Production was signed, which aims to further disseminate the concept of CP to every nation in the world.

    Participation in International Cooperation Day

      To commemorate International Cooperation Day (October 6th), International Cooperation Festival was held at Hibiya Park in Tokyo from October 4 to 5 and One World Festival was held at Tsurumi-Ryokuchi Park in Osaka on November 3, 1998. GEC, together with UNEP-IETC and the International Lake Environment Committee Foundation (ILEC), participated in the festival to disseminate information on our activities.


[Projects for Capacity Building to Support UNEP and to Promote International Cooperation]
Survey and Research Project
    Promotion of Environmental Management Systems and Auditing

      Environmental Management Systems (EMS) and Auditing form a major element of companies' environmental conservation activities, and are indispensable tool for the sustainable development. In October 1997, GEC was authorized as a training institution for environmental auditors by the Japan Accreditation Body for Conformity Assessment (JAB) in registration system based on ISO 14001. GEC provided various training courses, disseminated the concept of EMS, and conducted relevant projects, as well as formal training courses for environmental auditors. GEC also joined the Japan Auditors Training Association (JATA) whose members comprise auditor training agencies of Quality Management Systems and EMS to collect and exchange information here and abroad.

      a. Environmental Auditor Formal Training Courses and Internal Environmental Auditor Training Courses

        In fiscal 1998, GEC provided four sessions of environmental auditor formal training courses and three sessions of the internal environmental auditor training courses. The formal training courses are accredited by JAB as well as Environmental Auditors Registration Association (EARA) in UK and completing this courses is one of the requirements to be an officially registered environmental auditor. GEC also assisted in ISO 9000-related training courses organized by other training providers.
          [Environment Auditor Formal Training Courses]
          • 9th course: May 18-22, 1998 (5 days)
          20 participants
          • 10th course: September 7-11, 1998 (5 days)
          20 participants
          • 11th course: November 30 - December 4, 1998 (5 days)
          20 participants
          • 12th course: March 1-5, 1999 (5 days)
          20 participants
          [Internal Environment Auditor Training Courses]
          • 8th course: April 16-17, 1998 (2 days)
          25 participants
          • 9th course: August 20-21, 1998 (2 days)
          25 participants
          • 10th course: January 21-22, 1999 (2 days)
          22 participants

          [Internal Environmental Auditor Training Course]
            - 5th course:
              June 26 - 27, 1997
              Number of participants: 25
            - 6th course:
              August 28 - 29, 1997
              Number of participants: 18
            - 7th course:
              November 27 - 28, 1997
              Number of participants: 17

      b. Development of EMS Manuals
        GEC compiled two manuals on constructing EMS for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs), Environmental Management Systems for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: The ISO 14001 Specification Adoption Guide and Environmental Management Systems for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: A Year for Implementing ISO 14001, commissioned by the Economic Affairs Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government. We also developed, A Guide to the Eco-Management and Audit Scheme for UK Local Government: Examples of Work Sheet Entries as a teaching text for building systems adapted to Japanese local governments based on A Guide to the Eco-Management and Audit Scheme for UK Local Government (translated and published in fiscal 1997).


      c. Participation in Osaka Municipal Government's Feasibility Study for Achieving EMS Certification
        A feasibility study for acquiring EMS certification was conducted by Osaka Municipal Government. GEC took part in the feasibility study making the most of our expertise and experience.

      d. Supporting Seminars Related to EMS
        To enhance the general understanding on EMS, GEC provided Training Course on EMS Implementation for SMEs commissioned by the Economic Affairs Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government. We also planed lectures and dispatched lecturers to participate in Training Course on EMS Implementation for Local Governments provided by the Hyogo Environmental Advancement Association.

          [Training Course on EMS Implementation for SMEs]
          • 1st training course: October 5-7, 1998 / Venue: GEC
          • 2nd training course: February 17-19, 1999 / Venue: GEC

          [Training Course on EMS Implementation for Local Governments]
          Date: October 13-14, 1998 / Venue: Hyogoken Nogyo Kyosai Kaikan

          [Training Course for the Development of EMS]
          Date: October 15-16, 1998 / Venue: Hyogo Eco Plaza

          [Internal Auditor Training Course for EMS]
          Date: March 11-12, 1998 / Venue: Hyogo Eco Plaza

    Projects Promoted by the Research Group on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries

      Since 1995, in cooperation with the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES), a research institute of China's Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), GEC had conducted "The Japan-China Joint Project for Automobile Emissions Problems ミ Studies on Automobile Driving Patterns and Emission Factor of Pollutants in Beijing," under the guidance of the Research Group on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries (chief: Professor Yutaka Suzuki, Faculty of Engineering, Setsunan University/Professor Emeritus of Osaka University). The project achieved the desired outcome and was concluded in March 1998. To propose the future direction as well as to review the results of the studies, GEC held the "Japan-China Environmental Cooperation Seminar: Requirements for Future Environmental Cooperation" with participants from the CRAES staff and people concerned with automobile problems in Japan (companies, local governments, and international cooperation organizations) on December 14 and 15, 1998.

        The Japan-China Environment Cooperation Seminar
        Date: December 14-15, 1998
        Venue: International House, Osaka and GEC
        Organizers: Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES), GEC
        Number of participants: 58

    Environmental Technology Exchange Program with Shanghai City

      The Environmental Technology Exchange Program with Shanghai City, China, a sister city of Osaka, was inaugurated in fiscal 1996. Commissioned by Osaka Municipal Goverment, GEC has conducted needs-studies and held a workshop on control measures for automobile exhaust gas. In fiscal 1998, we summed up the activities carried out over the previous three years, holding discussions as a means of cooperation on a plan to set up automobile exhaust gas monitoring stations. GEC contributed substantially to the development of two programs of Shanghai City aimed at automobile pollution control and air pollution monitoring.

    Proof Study on Energy Saving Technology for Urban Environmental Preservation

      The Research Group on Effective Urban Energy (chief: Professor Minoru Mizuno, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University) was designed to study the quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of, and to promote, new energy systems; solar cell, fuel cell, and electric power generated by refuse incineration, all of which are energy sources of UNEP-IETC Osaka facilities. In fiscal 1988, GEC carried out a proof study on new energy-saving technology for business buildings, on the basis of the Survey on Energy Saving Technology for Urban Environmental Preservation implemented in fiscal 1997.

    Proof Study on the New Energy Systems

      The new energy systems have proven themselves energy sources with less impact on the environment. We have continuously verified the long-term effects of the new energy test facilities and maintained the facilities to demonstrate the new energy systems.

Training Projects
    JICA Training Course on Heavy Metal Pollution Control

      Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC provided a training course on Heavy Metal Pollution Control in cooperation with the Department of Environment, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Osaka Prefectural Government and other organizations. This training aims to train versatile personnel who can formulate measures to prevent environmental pollution caused by heavy metals. The program included lectures, analyses, practical training, and facility tours.

      • Training period:
          June 1 - July 24, 1998
      • Participants' countries of origin:
          Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Chile, Mexico and Croatia
      • Major training topic:
        1. Lectures:
          a. Introduction of heavy metal pollution
          b. Air pollution control measures
          c. Water pollution control measures
          d. Soil contamination prevention measures
        2. Practical training:
          a. Sampling and analysis of suspended particles in atmosphere
          b. Sampling and analysis of river water
          c. Analysis of heavy metals in soil/waste, and so on
        3. Facility tours:
          a. Air pollution control facility
          b. Industrial waste water treatment facility
          c. Refuse incineration plant
          d. Sewage treatment plant/water purification plant
        4. Presentation and discussion of country report
        5. Formulation and presentation of action plan

    JICA Environment Management Seminar

      Commissioned by JICA, GEC provided the seminar on Environmental Management in cooperation with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government and other organizations. This seminar aims to enhance the abilities of administrators who play major roles in environmental management in their respective countries, formulating measures for comprehensive environment management plans in developing countries. Eight participants from eight different countries in Asian regions were given approximately one-month training.

      The program included seminar-style lectures, discussions, and facility tours.
      • Training period:
          June 15 - July 17, 1998
      • Participants' countries of origin:
          Bangladesh, China, Indonesia,
          Laos, Malaysia, Pakistan, Thailand, and Vietnam
      • Major training topic:
        1. Lectures/Discussions/Tours:
          a. Global environmental preservation and sustainable development
          b. International initiatives to protect the environment
          c. Regulatory and legislative actions
          d. Joint action by governments, industry and citizens
        2. Presentation and discussion of country report
        3. Formulation and presentation of action plan

    JICA Training Course on Urban Solid Waste Treatment

      Commissioned by JICA, GEC provided the training course on Urban Solid Waste Treatment in cooperation with the Environment Management Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government and other organizations. Five participants from five countries were given approximately three-month training including lectures on collection methods of urban wastes, intermediate treatment and final disposal, laboratory work and facility tours.

      • Training period:
          August 17 - November 4, 1998
      • Participants' countries of origin:
          Cambodia, Nepal, Egypt, Syria, and Bolivia
      • Major training topics:
        1. Lectures/Practical Training/Tours:
          a. Outline of regional administration in Osaka
          b. Pollution control measures
          c. Outline of waste treatment
          d. Household and commercial waste treatment
          e. Intermediate treatment facilities
          f. Final disposal sites
          g. Restrictions on industrial waste treatment
        2. Presentation and discussion of country report
        3. Formulation and presentation of action plan

    JICA Training Course on Air Pollution Control

      Commissioned by JICA, GEC provided a training course on Air Pollution Control in cooperation with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government and other organizations. Eight participants from seven different countries were given approximately three-month training including lectures on air pollution control, evaluation and management technologies and laboratory work and facility tours.

      • Training period:
        September 21 - December 11, 1998
      • Participants' countries of origin:
          China, Indonesia, Thailand, Egypt, Turkey, Brazil, and Mexico
      • Major training topics:
        1. Lectures:
          a. Basic knowledge on air pollution
          b. Air pollution control technology
          c. Air pollution Measurement technology
          d. Air pollution Estimating technology
          e. Environmental management technology
        2. Practical training:
          a. Flue gas desulfurization technique
          b. Environmental management technology
        3. Facility tours:
          a. Dust collection facility
          b. Thermal power plant
          c. Odor control facility
          d. Coal combustion facility
          e. Facility utilizing exhaust desulfurization wastes
        4. Presentation and discussion of country report
        5. Formulation and presentation of action plan

    GEC Networking Project for the Former Training Participants

      The networks were established to promote information exchange between GEC and the former training participants, mainly of JICA training courses conducted by GEC, and among former participants as well. GEC has followed up the training courses and presented current environmental information in Japan through the networks. We have also collected information from the network participants in an effort to find out about their needs. In fiscal 1998, we visited network participants in the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam to call for cooperation in the networks and to select a key personnel from each country. In March 1999, GEC held One-Day Seminar in Manila, the Philippines and Bangkok, Thailand respectively: Solid waste treatment and low-emission vehicle dissemination projects promoted in large cities in Japan are presented and also exchanged ideas and opinions with the participants. At the same time, we visited the waste dumping site and air monitoring stations. Furthermore, GEC published the network newsletter GEC PLAZA No. 1 and 2 and to facilitate information exchange among network participants.

        Field Study
        • Period: September 1-12, 1998
        • Venue: Manila, the Philippines and Bangkok, Thailand to visit network participant
        • Period: March 23-26, 1999
        • Venue: Hanoi, Vietnam
        One-Day Seminars
        • Date: March 16, 1999
        • Venue: JICA Philippines Office, Manila, the Philippines
        • Date: March 19, 1999
        • Venue: JICA Thailand Office, Bangkok, Thailand
Seminars and Symposia
    Symposium on Global Warming in Osaka - Kyoto Protocol and Our Challenge"

      GEC held the "Symposium on Global Warming in Osaka - Kyoto Protocol and Our Challenge" to gain a deeper understanding of the significance and contents of the Kyoto Protocol adopted in UNFCCC-COP3 held in December 1997 and to support the nation-wide promotion of measures against global warming. The symposium was held as part of the national symposium relay planned by the Environment Agency of Japan and other parties.

      • Date: May 28, 1998
      • Venue: International House, Osaka
      • Organizers:
        Environment Agency of Japan, Osaka Prefectural Government, Osaka Municipal Government, Global Environmental Forum, Global Environment Forum-KANSAI, and GEC
      • Supporting organizations:
        Environmental Information Center, Japan Environment Preservation Alliance, UNEP-IETC, and International House, Osaka
      • Number of participants: approx. 300
      • Topics of speakers
        1. Keynote speech
          a. "Kyoto Protocol and Actions of Japan"
          (Masaharu Yagishita, Manager, Global Environment Department, Planning and Coordination Bureau, Environment Agency)
          b. "Impacts of Global Warming and Measures"
          (Hideo Harasawa, Manager, Environmental Planning Section, Social and Environmental Systems Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Environment Agency)
        2. Panel Discussion
          a. Coordinator:
          Akihiro Amano
          ,
          (Dean Professor, School of Policy Studies, Kwansei Gakuin University)
          b. Panelists:
          Masaharu Yagishita
          ,
          Hideo Harasawa
          ,
          (Executive Director, The Osaka Industrial Association)
          Hidetoshi Nakagami
          ,
          (Director, Jyukankyo Research Institute, Inc.)
          Mie Asaoka
          , (Secretary-General, KIKO-NETWORK)
    Symposium "Expand the Circle of Green Purchase"
      Global Environment Forum-KANSAI and GEC jointly held the symposium "Expand the Circle of Green Purchase" on June 12, 1998. The symposium introduced participants to approaches near at hand to mitigate global warming. We also provided Information on Green Purchase was provided to individual citizens to devise their own approaches.

      • Date: June 12, 1998
      • Venue: Dawn Center, Osaka
      • Organizers: Global Environment Forum-KANSAI and GEC
      • Supporting organizations:
        Environment Agency of Japan, Osaka Prefectural Government, Shiga Prefectural Government, Osaka Municipal Government, and Green Purchasing Network
      • Number of participants: approx. 500
      • Topics of speakers
        1. Keynote speech
          a. "Green Purchase and Sustainable Consumption"
          (Hideki Nakahara, Professor, Faculty of Environmental and Technology Studies, Musashi Institute of Technology/Executive Committee Member, Green Purchasing Network)
        2. Panel Discussion
          a. Coordinator:
          Yutaka Suzuki
          ,
          (Professor, Faculty of Engineering, Setsunan University/Professor Emeritus of Osaka University)
          b. Panelists:
          Kazuko Ibuki
          ,
          (Representative Secretary, Liaison Council of Consumers' Groups of Osaka Prefecture)
          Koji Terashita ,
          (Senior Staff Member, Environmental Activities,
          Regional and Environmental Division, CO-OP Kobe)
          Akio Nagai,
          (Manager in Charge of Public Relations and Missions,
          Environmental Corporate Division, Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.)
          Manabu Hattori,
          (Assistant Chief, Eco-Office Section, Management Department, Accounting Bureau, Shiga Prefectural Government)
          Yukiko Shinozaki,
          (Director, City-Life Institute, Inc.)(Manager in Charge of Public Relations and Missions, Environmental Corporate Division, Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.)
          Manabu Hattori,
          (Assistant Chief, Eco-Office Section, Management Department, Accounting Bureau, Shiga Prefectural Government)
          Yukiko Shinozaki ,
          (Director, City-Life Institute, Inc.)

    Assistance to "Seminar on International Cooperation: Environmental Cooperation between Curitiba and Osaka and Roles of Local Governments and Citizens (NGO)"

      At the Chinretsukan Hall on November 28, 1998, GEC held "Seminar on International Cooperation" commissioned by the Osaka Municipal Government. The seminar was held as one of international cooperation projects of the Osaka Municipal Government. The municipal government had promoted exchange of know-how on environmental conservation with Curitiba Municipal Government, Brazil, in line with the Agreement for Experience of Environmental Protection signed with Curitiba Municipal Government. The actual state of environmental cooperation between both cities was reported upon. Participants, including general citizens, exchanged views on how to facilitate international cooperation activities by local governments and citizens.

      • Date: November 28, 1998
      • Venue: Chinretsukan Hall, Osaka
      • Organizer: Osaka Municipal Government
      • Number of participants: 64


Collecting and Providing, Disseminating Information
    Maintaining Library on Global Environmental Conservation

      Since fiscal 1997, GEC has made this library accessible to the public, although in a limited manner. It is stocked with books on global environmental preservation, including UNEP-related books. We have continued to enhance the library by adding UNEP-related and other books. There are now approximately 4,000 titles in the library.

    Publication of GEC Newsletters (in English and Japanese)

      The Japanese version of GEC NEWSLETTER, the 14th issue published in April 1998, the 15th in September 1998, and the 16th in March 1999, introduced special feature articles related to GEC activities, to make the newsletter more substantial. The 7th edition of the GEC Newsletter in English was published in July 1998, introducing GEC activities and special feature articles related to GEC seminars held abroad. To strengthen our public-relation activities, In-house Committee on public relations has established in GEC since fiscal 1998.

    Publication of Annual Report (in English and Japanese)

      Global Environment Centre Foundation Annual Report 1997 (in English and Japanese) was compiled and distributed to relevant organizations in Japan and abroad. Incidentally, the Annual Report 1997 won a prize of Graphic Design in Japan 1999 and was carried in the almanac, which is published by Japan Graphic Designers Association, Inc. (JAGDA).

Other Activities
    Assistance to the APEC Steering Council for Environmental Technology Exchange Promotion

      As a member of APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) Steering Council for Environmental Technology Exchange Promotion, GEC took part in a workshop and other events provided by APEC Environmental Technology Exchange Virtual Center (APEC-VC) on November 18, 1998. GEC also joined and cooperated with the virtual center sub-committee, the sub-committee of planning and operating for information exchange, and working groups set up under the steering council.

    Participation in Workshop on Greening Government Operation

      Mexican Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resource and Fisheries hosted a Workshop on Greening Government Operation in Mexico City, Mexico from October 13 to 19, 1998. GEC participated in the workshop and reported on examples of ISO 14001-certified Japanese local governments. The aims of the workshop for the Mexican government were to streamline governmental organizations and increase economic effects by introducing Environmental Management Systems (EMS) with participation of experts from developed countries.

    Participation in the 7th International Environmental Cooperation Forum, West Japan

      The 7th meeting of the International Environmental Cooperation Forum, West Japan was held by the International Lake Environment Committee (ILEC) on March 10, 1998. The forum, held annually, is comprised of six regular member organizations and seven observer member organizations including UN agencies and national governmental agencies. In October 1998, GEC took a leading part in the preparation of a Forum Note for enhancing mutual communications and information exchange.

    GEC/JCB Card

      GEC strove to increase the number of holders of the credit card it jointly developed with JCB Co., Ltd. Under this credit card system, a portion of the amount paid when using the card in shopping, traveling, and the like is automatically contributed to GEC. Accordingly, card users can support global environmental conservation activities without making special donations.

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