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Activities in Fiscal Year 1997
(October 1998)[Projects Supporting UNEP IETC]
Dispatching Cooperation Staff
Collecting and Providing Information
Supporting Activities to Disseminate "maESTro"
Demonstration of "maESTro," a database management tool for the searchable EST directory developed by UNEP IETC, were conducted on the following occasions.
Collecting Information on Air Pollution Continuous Monitoring Technology
Investigation of the actual pollution level is important in introducing environmental conservation measures. Consequently, establishment of environmental monitoring technology in developing countries is a pressing need in order to tackle environmental pollution. The Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Monitoring Technology chaired by Professor Yasuaki Maeda, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University was established within GEC, aiming to promote technology transfer in the field. In fiscal 1997, in order to compile a publication of technology in English, air monitoring technologies were collected and sorted, mainly focusing on the principles of continuous monitoring system and the principle and structure of automatic measurement instruments.
Survey of Information on On-Site Green Technique (OGT)
Information on On-Site Green Technique (OGT), which is environmental preservation technique developed and utilized at manufacturing sites or construction sites over a long period of time has been accumulated and disseminated to developing countries through GEC's homepage. GEC undertook preparations to collect new information on OGT as a part of cleaner production technology.
Publication of Japanese Version of "IETC's INSIGHT"
GEC, in conjunction with the International Lake Environment Committee Foundation (ILEC), published Japanese version of UNEP IETC's newsletter "IETC's INSIGHT" three times a year. The Japanese version carried not only translated articles but additional articles introducing activities of UNEP IETC's two supporting foundations, GEC and ILEC.
A UNEP IETC/GEC cooperation staff represented UNEP IETC in the Workshop on Environmental Technology Assessment (EnTA) organized by UNEP IETC to support the establishment of Local Agenda 21 for large cities. The cooperation staff gave lectures on environmental management systems and engaged in administrating work in the workshop. Another GEC staff also participated in support of the workshop.
Since 1994, the Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology (Chairperson: Professor Nobuo Takeda, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University) was established within GEC and has collected information on environmental technology on air pollution control, waste treatment, and water pollution control. GEC has compiled a publications on the collected technologies and distributed them to developing countries in cooperation with UNEP IETC. The information also has been provided worldwide through the Internet.
Based on the collected information, GEC held a "Seminar on Environmental Technology" from February 3 to 6, 1998 in Bangkok, Thailand, with cooperation of Thai authorities. In the Seminar, in addition to introducing the technical information mentioned above, participants discussed relevant issues, including the present situation and problems of environmental conservation measures taken in Thailand and Japan, demands for environmental conservation, and treatment technologies presented with case studies.
International Seminar on the Information Systems of Environmentally Sound Technologies (EST-ISs)
UNEP IETC and GEC held International Seminar on the Information Systems of Environmentally Sound Technologies (EST-ISs) from February 18 to 20, 1998 in Serpong, Indonesia. In the seminar, representatives of developing countries presented how they utilized EST information systems in there respective country. The importance of systematization and sharing of technologies unique to each nation or institution was also confirmed during the seminar. Agreement was reached by a summary by the chairpersons, which included proposal of an unofficial human resource networking, eventually aiming at the construction of an official information network.
Along with UNEP IETC, GEC participated in '97 Techno Frontier Kyushu, which Kyushu Industrial Technology Center and Fukuoka City jointly organized from May 10 to 13, 1997 at Marine Messe in Fukuoka. Targeting at people in the Kyushu Region, we introduced our activities on panels, distributed and displayed our publications, and demonstrated "maESTro."
Participation in '97 Exhibition on Waste Treatment Technology
UNEP IETC and GEC introduced their activities on panels and by distributing brochures at '97 Exhibition on Waste Treatment Technology was held at INTEX Osaka from June 26 to 28, 1997 under the theme "Environment and Recycling" featuring waste treatment technology and waste reduction.
Participation in ENVIRONTECH '97
UNEP IETC and GEC participated in "ENVIRONTECH '97," an international trade fair on environmental technologies held in Cebu, Philippines, from June 26 to 28, 1997. In a conference concurrently held, GEC made a presentation on waste treatment in Osaka, informing people concerned in the Philippines of what Osaka has done. GEC also introduced activities of UNEP IETC and GEC in a display booth set up in the conference hall.
Participation in International Cooperation Day (October 4th)
To commemorate International Cooperation Day, International Cooperation Festivals were held at Hibiya Park in Tokyo from October 4 to 5 and at Tsurumi-Ryokuchi Park in Osaka on October 19, 1997. GEC, together with UNEP IETC and the International Lake Environment Committee Foundation, participated in the festival to disseminate information on our activities.
Survey and Research Projects
Environmental management systems and auditing form a major pilar of companies' environmental conservation activities, and are indispensable tools to ensure the sustainable development which is compatible with global environmental conservation. GEC disseminated its concept and conducted relevant projects. On October 29, 1997, GEC was authorized as a training institution for environmental auditors by the Japan Accreditation Body for Conformity Assessment (JAB) in line with a registration system based on ISO14001 (JISQ14001).
In the future, we will use our know-how accumulated through these activities in disseminating environmental management systems in Japan to organize seminars and training in developing countries.
Studies on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries
Based on a memorandum signed with the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences in 1995, GEC conducted joint survey on air pollution caused by automobiles in Beijing, China, where automobile exhaust gases are becoming a cause for serious concern. In 1997, GEC dispatched a mission twice to Beijing to give guidance on how to analyze driving patterns which can supply the basic figures necessary to establish measures to control emissions and gathered the results for discussion. The research was conducted and examined by the Research Group on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries (representative: Mr. Yutaka Suzuki, Professor Emeritus of Osaka University), which consists of researchers, administrators, and journalists.
Environmental Technology Exchange Programme with Shanghai-city
As part of the technical cooperation on automobile exhaust gas control with Shanghai City, a sister city of Osaka, GEC, commissioned by Osaka Municipal Government in 1996, visited Shanghai to exchange information on automobile pollution control with the Shanghai Municipal Government. From December 10 to 19, 1997, Shanghai officials visited Osaka to hold a workshop, where the planning of an environmental audit project on automobile exhaust gas emissions in Shanghai City was discussed.
Proof Study on Energy Saving Technology for Urban Environmental Preservation (Research Group on Effective Urban Energy)
Research Group on Effective Urban Energy (representative: Professor Minoru Mizuno, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka University) was established to study the effectiveness of new energy systems; solar cells, fuel cells, and electric power generated by refuse incinerators, all of which are energy sources of UNEP IETC Osaka facilities. The research group drew up an Evaluation Report on Energy Systems for Urban Buildings in fiscal 1996. In fiscal 1997, an extracted version of the report (Japanese and English) was published for wide distribution. The research group also implemented preliminary research on methods to solve energy and nitrogen dioxide emission problems.
Proof Study on New Energy Systems (Maintenance of Solar Cells and Fuel Cells)
A joint research on new energy systems with the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) was completed in fiscal 1996. GEC, however, continues to operate and maintain solar cells and fuel cells, two of the new energy resources with less impact on the environment, and collect data on them, placing focus on their durability.
With the subsidies raised by the sale of New Year Postcards for 1997 from the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications of Japan, GEC expanded the retrieval and management systems by introducing a multi-media system to provide environmental information, and an audiovisual system. Books specializing in global environmental preservation, mainly UNEP-related books and reports on various studies were collected.
Publication of GEC Newsletters (in English and Japanese)
The Japanese version of GEC NEWSLETTER, the 12th issue published in July 1997 and the 13th in October 1997, introduced special feature articles related to GEC activities, to make the newsletter substantial. The 6th edition of the GEC Newsletter in English was published in November 1997, introducing GEC activities and it's 5th anniversary article featuring the directions to be taken by GEC in the future.
Publication of Annual Report (in English and Japanese)
Global Environment Centre Foundation Annual Report 1996 (in English and Japanese), an issue commemorating its 5th anniversary published in 1997 was compiled and distributed to relevant organizations in Japan and abroad.
Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC provided a training course on Heavy Metal Pollution Control in cooperation with the Department of Environment and Public Health (now reformed into Department of Environment, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) of Osaka Prefectural Government and other organizations. This course aims to train versatile personnel who can formulate measures to prevent environmental pollution caused by heavy metals. Six participants from six different countries were given approximately two-month of training. The programme included lectures on pollution prevention measures and analyses of heavy metals, hand-on training, and facility tours.
JICA Environment Management Seminar
Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC provided the seminar on Environmental Management in cooperation with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government and other organazations. This seminar aims to enhance the abilities of administrators who play major roles in environmental management in their respective countries, formulating measures for comprehensive environment management plans in developing countries. Eight participants from eight different countries in African regions were given approximately one-month training. The programme included seminar-style lectures, discussions, and facility tours.
JICA Training Course on Urban Solid Waste Management
Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC provided the training course on Urban Solid Waste Management in cooperation with the Environment Management Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government and other organizations. Six participants from five different countries were given approximately three-month training including lectures on collection methods of urban wastes, intermediate treatment and final dispose, laboratory work and facility tours.
JICA Training Course on Air Pollution Control
Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC organized a training course on Air Pollution Control in cooperation with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government and other organizations. Ten participants from ten different countries were given three-month training including lectures on air pollution control, measurement, evaluation and management technologies and laboratory work and facility tours.
GEC Networking Project for JICA Training Participants
For the establishment of human networking for further cooperation, GEC has initiated a networking project for the ex-participants in the four JICA training courses conducted by GEC, namely; Heavy Metal Pollution Control Course, Urban Solid Waste Management Course, Air Pollution Control Course and Environment Management Seminar. In 1997, questionnaires were sent to update personal information of contact address, to confirm their intentions to participate in the network, and to listen to their expectations of the network. With more than 100 responds, we have confirmed their great expectations to the network, especially for more information exchange between the participants.
As part of activities to support UNFCCC-COP3 in December 1997, Osaka Municipal Government, UNEP IETC and GEC jointly held the "Osaka International Symposium on Global Warming," under the theme of "Partnership of Citizens, the Private Sector and Local Governments for Climate Protection." The symposium aimed at disseminating information on measures against global warming and seeking for more concrete cooperation among people, while admitting that local-level efforts are neccessary to prevent future global warming and, therefore, citizens, the private sector, and local governments should be responsible for their own roles as well as cooperation with each other. A field trip to Maishima and Sakishima was offered to the overseas participants of COP3 in a natural-gas-powered bus. Panel exhibitions on environmental conservation efforts by Osaka Municipal Government were also opened to the public at Maishima.
Global Environment Forum-KANSAI and GEC jointly held the following events to allowed citizens to deepen their understanding of global warming mitigation measures and promote information exchange on international cooperation such as overseas technology transfer among enterprises, local governments, and academic circles.
GEC participated in the Fifth General Assembly of the Asia Pacific Parliamentarians Conference held in Seoul, Korea, from June 5 to 7, 1997. At the conference consisting of policy makers from the United States, Korea, and Japan who are interested in environmental issues, GEC introduced its own activities and those of Osaka Municipal Government concerning the transfer of environmentally sound technologies and exchanged information among participants. Furthermore, GEC also participated in a discussion regarding the Seoul Statement which is scheduled to be reported at the Special Session of the UN General Assembly, in order to help promote environmental technology transfer.
Participation in the Seminar on Environmental and Economic Policies towards Sustainable Cities in APEC
GEC participated in the Seminar on Environmental and Economic Policies toward Sustainable Cities in APEC, which was organized by China APEC Environmental Protection Center from September 18 to 20, 1997 in Beijing, China. Participants have carried out a thorough discussion of Pollution Control and Environmental Protection Measures, Environmental and Economic Policies towards Sustainable Urbanization in the APEC region. GEC introduced its efforts to realize sustainable development mainly in Osaka City such as Eco-office Actions.
Assistance to the APEC Environmental Technology Exchange Virtual Center
Under the sponsorship of APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) Steering Council for Environmental Technology Exchange Promotion, a workshop for experts by APEC Environmental Technology Exchange Virtual Center (VC) was held in Singapore from October 6 to 7, 1997. GEC participated in the workshop as a member of the council. Participants discussed the present condition of APEC-VC and its expanding function in the region. From November 25 to 26, 1997, another workshop for decision-makers was held in Osaka to make concrete suggestions for environmental technology information exchange based on the outcome of the APEC-VC workshop.
Participation in the 6th Northeast Asian Conference on Environmental Co-operation
6th Northeast Asian Conference on Environmental Co-operation was held in Niigata Prefecture, from October 14 to 16, 1997, under the sponsorship of the Environment Agency of Japan, Niigata Prefectural Government, and Niigata Municipal Government. In the conference, presentation on acid rain, wide area comprehensive water pollution control, biodiversity protection, and cleaner production were made by environmental officers from China, Korea, UNDP, UNEP Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP), Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), and Japan. Based on the presentation, they discussed environmental cooperation in the Northeast Asian Region. GEC, as one of the representatives from Japan, presented the concept of cleaner production by UNEP and its case studies in Japan.
Exhibition at Global Environment Fair in Kobe '97
GEC, along with UNEP IETC, exhibited panels and distributed brochures and publications at the "Global Environment Fair in Kobe '97" held from November 27 to 30, 1997 under the joint auspices of the Environment Agency of Japan, the Ministry of Construction of Japan, Hyogo Prefectural Government, and Kobe Municipal Government. The fair aimed to allow participants to become acquainted with each other and exchange information based mainly on global warming, through an exhibition of global environment protection activities conducted by companies, NGOs, countries, and local governments.
Participation in the 2nd International Workshop on Environmental Information Network for Asia and the Pacific (ECO ASIA NET)
GEC participated in the 2nd International Workshop on ECO ASIA NET held in Tokyo, from February 3 to 4, 1998, which was organized by the Environment Agency of Japan. The Workshop discussed ways to produce a guideline to construct ECO ASIA NET, while sharing the latest information on environmental information network development. GEC, in cooperation with UNEP IETC, made a presentation on the database of environmentally sound technologies and information provision project on the Internet.
Participation in the 6th International Environmental Co-operation Forum, West Japan
The 6th meeting of the International Environmental Co-operation Forum, West Japan was held by the International Center for Environmental Technology Transfer (ICETT) on March 24, 1998. Each participating organizations reported on their projects and discussed further development of the forum.
GEC promoted a credit card system jointly developed with JCB Co. Ltd. Under this system, a part of the amount paid when using the card in shopping and travelling etc. are automatically contributed to GEC. Accordingly, card users can support global environmental conservation activities without making special donations. GEC hopes that people become more conscious about environmental issues through usage of this card.