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Activities in Fiscal Year 1996

(October 1997)
[UNEP IETC Support Projects]

Supporting General Affairs
    Dispatching Co-operation Staffs

      In addition to providing facilities and equipment, GEC also dispatches co-operation staff (both technical experts and general staff) to assignments that support UNEP IETC activities. These activities include opening a symposium at the 2nd United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), creating technical documents on urban waste management, and participating in training for Environmental Technology Assessment.

Collecting and Providing Information Projects
    Establishment of Database on Environmental Technology Information in Japan

      In order to support UNEP IETC's efforts to construct a database on environmental information, GEC is collecting environmental technology information in Japan and establishing a database under commission of the Environment Agency. In fiscal year 1996, three databases on the following subjects were established and made available to the public on the Internet through GEC's home page.

      Names of databases:
        1. On-Site Green Techniques (English, Japanese)
        - Information on on-site environmental conservation technology collected from private corporations
        2. Air pollution control technology (English)
        - Information on air pollution control technology in Japan put together by the Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology
        3. Waste treatment technology (English)
        - Information on waste treatment technology in Japan put together by the Committee for Studying Transfer and Environmental Technology

    Assistance in Developing Environmental Technology Information System

      UNEP IETC made preparations to provide and operate "maESTro" and the "EST Directory" (a directory on environmentally sound technologies), the information systems used to effectively collect and distribute environmental technology information. These systems aim to bolster the access of environmentally sound technology information for developing countries. GEC participated in the planning, the collection of information, and in the development and public relations activities of these systems.

    Survey of Overseas Environmental Technology Information

      Commissioned by the Environment Agency, and in a joint effort with UNEP IETC, GEC participated in the development of an efficient system to collect information on environmental technologies in developed countries, and in the establishment of information collection bases in developing countries to organise a collaborative system through the Internet.
      GEC sent its missions to North America and Southeast Asia, as shown below:
      Project title: Survey of Environmental Technology Information Database Expansion

        [Mission to North America]
          Date: May 8 - 18, 1996

            - To conduct a basic study to establish bases for collecting environmental technology data in North America, to collect information related technology and know-how to develop a database
            - To attend and present papers at the "Environment and Internet" meeting
          Places visited:
            - Environmental Protection Agency, Seattle Office
            - Batel Pacific Northwest Research Institute
            - Vancouver

        [Mission to North America]
          Date: February 9 - 20, 1997

            - To survey the status of collecting information on environmental technologies in USA and Canada; to discuss possibilities of co-operation in establishing an information collection system and of providing information on environmental technology information
          Places visited
            - APEC Training and Information Network for Sustainable Development
            - World Bank
            - Environmental Protection Agency
            - UNEP regional office of North America (RONA)
            - Environment Environment

        [Mission to Southeast Asia]
          Date: March 2 - 11, 1997

            -To conduct a survey on the current spread of the Internet in Southeast Asian countries, and to study the needs of developing countries for the information systems that UNEP IETC is planning to provide ("maESTro," etc.)
          Places visited:
            - Asian Development Bank
            - Ministry of Environment and Resources
            - Agency of Environmental Management
            - United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Philippine Office
            - Japanese Embassy
            - Ministry of Environment
            - Agency of Environmental Influence Control
            - Environmental Management Centre
            - Environment Agency

    Dispatching Technology Research Group to Developing Countries

      The Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology (Chairman: Professor Nobuo Takeda, Faculty of Engineering, Postgraduate Course, Kyoto University), established within GEC, dispatched the Research Group (leader: Chairman Takeda) to Thailand from February 23 to March 5, 1997, to transfer environmental conservation technology to developing countries. The Research Group consists of 17 members from the Osaka Prefectural and Municipal governments, the manufacturers of environmental control equipment and core members of this committee, who studied the current environmental status and problems in Thailand.
      Based on the result of this survey, the committee is scheduled to hold a seminar in Thailand in January 1998.
      Project title:- Survey of Environmental Technology in Developing Countries
        Date: February 23 - March 5, 1997
        Places visited:
          - Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment
          - Ministry of Health and Welfare
          - Ministry of the Interior
          - Sewage plants
          - Industrial Estate Bureau
          - Bangkok Metropolitan Area Agency
          - Human waste treatment plants
          - Hospital waste incineration facilities
          - Compost treatment plants
          - Sanitary dumping sites
          - Central Toxic Waste Treatment Centre
          - Thailand Power Generation Bureau Memo Power Plant
          - North Industrial Estate (Lampang)
          - Chiengmai University
          - Chiengmai City

    Publishing Documents on Technology for Environmental Conservation

      The Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology published "Water Pollution Control Technology in Japan." The previously published "Air Pollution Control Technology in Japan" and "Waste Treatment Technology in Japan" and this publication complete a document trilogy on ESTs.

    Survey of Information on On-Site Green Techniques

      GEC prepared the English and Japanese versions of a technical report concerning on-site environmental conservation techniques (On-Site Green techniques) acquired by corporations at manufacturing plants and construction sites, and provided it to developing countries in fiscal year 1995. In fiscal year 1996, GEC established a database based on this report. GEC also prepared for the establishment of a research group, that includes individuals from the corporate world, to raise public awareness of these issues.

    Publication of Japanese Version of "IETC's INSIGHT"

      GEC in conjunction with the International Lake Environment Committee Foundation published a Japanese version of "IETC's INSIGHT," the quarterly newsletter of UNEP IETC. The Japanese version includes not only the translations of articles from the English version but also additional articles introducing the various activities its supporting foundations, GEC and ILEC to provide information on UNEP IETC and these two foundations.

Training Projects
    Assisting in Seminars on Environmental Sound Technologies for Urban Waste Management

      UNEP IETC and GEC jointly held the "National Seminar on Urban Solid Waste Management in the Philippines" with the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) and the Puerto Princesa Municipal Government in Puerto Princesa, Philippines from October 21 to 24, 1996. The objectives of this seminar were to promote the waste treatment measures of self-governing bodies in the Philippines by introducing actual cases from Europe, America and Japan, and to promote technical co-operation, targeting Mayors and executives in charge of making decisions on waste treatment policies. GEC took charge of the planning and co-ordination of this seminar with the assistance of the Osaka Municipal Government.

    Assistance to Workshop on Environmental Technology Assessment

      UNEP IETC jointly held the "Subregional Workshop on Environmental Technology Assessment (EnTA)" with the UNEP Industry and Environment Centre (IE) and Potchefstroom University in Potchefstroom, South Africa, from November 25 to 28, 1996. This is a training program that applies environmental technology assessments to the management of environmentally sound technologies. For this workshop, co-operation staffs that were dispatched from GEC assisted in the development of the program and in the carrying out of the workshop in South Africa.

Seminar and Symposium Projects
    Co-hosting Symposium on Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs)

      GEC along with UNEP IETC jointly held a symposium on "Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs)" as one event of the 2nd United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II).

        Date: June 5, 1996
        Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
        UNEP IETC, GEC
        Number of participants:
        about 100
        Topics and speakers (honorifics omitted):

        (1)Session on Software Technology
          1. Topics
          "Technology for Environmental Planning and Management-Contribution of IETC on Sustainable Urban Programme"
          - Richard A. Meganck (Director: UNEP IETC)
          "Introduction of International Documents on Urban Waste Management"
          - Hiroshi Shiroi (Co-operation Staff: UNEP IETC)
          "Transfer of GEC's Environmental Technology Through Supporting UNEP IETC"
          - Susumu Ohta (Director of Project Division: GEC)
          "Partnership Approach for Ability Development for Sustainable Urban Development"
          - Edith Cecil (Executive Director: USETI)
          2. Commentators
          - Jochen Eigen (Co-ordinator of the Sustainable Cities Programme: UNCHS)
          - John Skinner (Senior Advisor: UNEP IE)

        (2)Session on Hardware
          1. Chairman
          - Anthony Edwards (Executive Co-ordinator of Human Health and Well Being Sub Programme: UNEP)
          2. Technology Presentation
          "BioTec 2120 Solid Waste Management System"
          - Ferdinando Azevedo (President: AG Environment Group)
          "Solid Waste Management System in Osaka City"
          - Mitsuo Amano (Chief: Environmental Management Bureau, Osaka Municipal Government)
          "Biohoch Reactor Waste Water Treatment System"
          - Yuri Neumann (Senior Engineer: UHDE)
          "Home Waste Water Treatment Technology"
          - Malick Gaye (President: ENDA-Tiers Monde)
          3. Commentators
          - Graham Alabaster (In charge of human settlement of UNCHS)- Gunner Dalhammer (Assistant Professor: SISU, Sweden)

        GEC staff also participated in "Creation of Healthy Cities in 21st Century" organised by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as panelists, and presented papers on current waste management status and countermeasures in developing countries in the session on "Environmental Pollution and Health."

    Supporting "Workshop on Transfer of Environmental Sound Technology and Joint Activities"

      GEC supported the "Workshop on Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technology and Joint Activities" held by the Environment Agency and UNEP IETC from June 19 to 21, 1996. The objectives of this workshop were to discuss "joint activities" as an effective means to decrease greenhouse effect gases which cause global warming. Representatives from ten Asia Pacific countries and international organisations participated in this workshop.
[Original Projects of GEC]
Survey and Research Projects
    Promotion of Environmental Management System and Audit

      An environmental management system and audit are important parts of the environmental conservation activities of corporations, and are indispensable tools to ensure sustainable development which is compatible with global environmental conservation. Based on the international standard (ISO 14001) issued by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO), GEC is promoting environmental management system and audit. In addition to holding training courses to train environmental auditors, GEC translated and published training resource kits, and held lectures.

      Environment Auditor Training
        [Environment Auditor Training Courses (environmental auditor formal training courses)]
        • 2nd course: June 24 - 28, 1996 (5 days)
          Number of participants:
        • 3rd course: September 24 - 28, 1996 (5 days)
          Number of participants:
        • 4th course: December 2 - 6 (5 days)
          Number of participants:
        • 5th course: February 24 - 28, 1997 (5 days)
          Number of participants:
        [Internal Environment Auditor Training Courses]
        • 1st course: May 16 - 17, 1996 (2 days)
          Number of participants:
        • 2nd course:August 29 - 30, 1997 (2 days)
          Number of participants:
        • 3rd course: October 24 - 25, 1996 (2 days)
          Number of participants:
        • 4th course: January 31 - 31, 1997 (2 days)
          Number of participants:

      Publishing Training Resource Kit
        GEC translated and supervised the compilation of the "Environmental Management System Training Resource Kit" created by the UNEP Industry and Environment Centre (IE), the International Chamber of Commerce (IC), and the International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC), into Japanese. This was published by the Japanese Standards Association.

      Holding lecture
        GEC jointly held a lecture with the Hyogo Environmental Creation Association entitled " Effort to Establish Environment Management System and Audit, Case Studies on Obtaining ISO 14001 Certification and Future Trend."
          Date: October 1, 1996
          Venue: Kobe Asahi Hall
          - Hiroshi Terada (Japanese Standards Association)
          - Tetsuro Fukushima (Japan Audit and Certification Organisation for Environment)
          - Masaru Kawakita (Sony Chemical)

      Survey on Latest Trend of Environmental Management System and Audit in Europe
        The following two missions were sent to Europe to understand the latest trend of the environmental management system and audit field in Europe, which is the centre of information in this field.
          Date: June 3 - 5, 1996
          To conduct a survey on environmental management system and audit trends in major European organisations, and to study the conditions to register training courses at environment auditor registration organisations, and auditor certificate registration status in U.K.
          Places visited:
          - Environmental Auditors Registration Association (EARA)
          - United Kingdom Accreditation Service (UKAS)
          - Institute of Environmental Assessment (IEA)
          - SGS Incorporated Internal Certification Services, Japan
          - SGS Environment
          (2) Switzerland
          - Winter True Insurance Company
          - ISO Central Office
          - Daimler-Benz
          - UNEP Industry and Environment Centre (IE)

          Date: March 25 - April 3, 1997

          To sign a contract for the translation rights of the Environmental Management Systems Training Resource Kit, and to conduct a survey on the present status of environmental management and audit in Europe.
          Places visited:

          - UNEP Industry and Environment Centre (IE)
          - CAG Office Workstations Co., Ltd.
          - Brussels law offices

    Studies on Automobile-related Issues In Developing Countries

      Based on a memorandum signed with the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, GEC conducted a joint survey for technology transfers with China, where automobile exhaust problems are becoming a cause for serious concern. GEC dispatched the following three missions, and studied the driving patterns and emission factors of pollutants, which will be the basis to establish automobile exhaust gas control measures. This research is progressing with examinations by the Research Group on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries (representative: Yutaka Suzuki, Dean, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka University), which consists of researchers, administrators and journalists.
      Project title:Studies on Issues Related to Automobile Exhaust in China

      [5th mission]
        Date: August 22 - 27, 1996
        To participate in basic discussions with Chinese related organisations to execute the memorandum signed in December 1995.
        Places visited:

        - Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences
        - Beijing Municipal Bureau of Environmental Protection
        - China-Japan Friendship Environment Conservation Centre

      [6th mission]
        Date: October 2 - 9, 1996
        To install technographs on automobiles and instruct on the procedure to conduct driving pattern studies in co-operation with the Asabane Measuring Instruments Co., a company that specialises in driving pattern mode measurement.
        Places visited

        - Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences
        - China-Japan Friendship Environmental Conservation Centre

      [7th mission]
        Date: January 12 - 17, 1997
        To instruct on driving pattern analysis in co-operation with the Suri Planning Co., an analysis consulting company.
        Places visited

        - Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences

    Assistance to Developing Countries in Coping with Air Pollution

      To provide information and technologies which were developed in Japan to prevent air pollution from fixed sources, such as factories and enterprises, to developing countries, GEC prepared a technical manual that deals with methods on the prevention of air pollution caused by thermal power plants over the two year period that began with fiscal year 1995. This project was commissioned by the Environment Agency of Japan. In fiscal year 1996, GEC published "Air Pollution Control Measures Technology in Thermal Power Plants-Technologies and Experiences of Japan" (electric power plants version / English, Japanese, Chinese) under the auspices of the Sectional Meeting on Thermal Power Plants (Chairperson: Professor Yasuaki Maeda, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University), a group that consists of researchers, administrators and members of electric companies. This manual is based on a draft created after a 1995 survey in China. The draft was revised and improved after discussions in workshops held in the following three cities in China.
      Project title:Assistance to Developing Countries in Coping with Air Pollution from Fixed Pollutant Sources (thermal power plants)

        (Organisers: Overseas Environmental Assist Centre, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences)]
        To hold workshops to discuss the manual for developing countries.
        Venues and dates:

        - Beijing: October 24 - 25, 1996
        - Chungching: October 28 - 29, 1996
        - Fushun: October 31, 1996

    Survey on Environmental Technology Exchange with Shanghai City

      Commissioned by Osaka City, GEC staff visited Shanghai City with staff of the Osaka Municipal Government for the purpose of technical co-operation on automobile-related pollution problems in Shanghai City, a city with close ties to Osaka City, to exchange information on the current status and countermeasures of automobile-related pollution there.

        Date: December 9 - 18, 1996
        Places visited:

          - Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Environmental Protection
          - Shanghai Academy of Environmental Sciences
          - Shanghai Municipal Environmental Monitoring
          - Podong Development District
          - Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive Co. Ltd.

    Field Test of Power Generation by Solar Cell and Fuel Cell

      The application of solar cell generation and fuel cell generation, which are considered to be future sources of energy that have the least environmental impact, meets the fundamental concept of UNEP IETC Osaka. GEC, in a joint effort with the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organisation (NEDO), has conducted field tests on solar cell generation and fuel cell generation. The results were recorded, analysed and submitted to NEDO.

    Evaluation of Energy Systems (Research Group on Urban Energy)

      The energy sources of UNEP IETC Osaka are solar cells, fuel cells and electric power generated by refuse incineration. To shed light on the effectiveness of these new energy systems and to promote them, GEC established the Research Group on Urban Energy (Representative: Minoru Mizuno, Professor: Faculty of Engineering, Osaka University) in 1994. This research group has been conducting surveys and research since that time, and submitted an interim report in fiscal year 1994. In fiscal year 1996, they put out the "Evaluation Report on Energy Systems for Urban Buildings."

Collecting and Providing Information Projects

    Information Provision by Homepage

      GEC provided continuous information updates via its home page on the Internet, which was made available to the public in fiscal year 1995. These homepages introduced the activities of GEC, disseminating environmental technology information in Japan.

    Preparing Publication on Technology for Environmental Conservation in English

      GEC, in a joint effort with UNEP Industry and Environment Centre (IE), has been working on English publications on waste water treatment technology in Japan, especially those that concern "cleaner production" (production engineering for pollution reduction).

    Maintaining Library on Global Environmental Conservation

      Funds which were raised by the sale of New Year postcards for 1996 that have lottery numbers, GEC received subsidies from the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications. With these subsidies, GEC expanded the retrieval and management system of its library, and organised and improved the functions of the system as a preparation for the public opening of the GEC library (opening in June, 1997).

    Publication of GEC Newsletters (in English and Japanese)

      The 10th issue of the GEC newsletter was published in August, 1996, and the 11th issue in March, 1997. New contents of this newsletter include special feature articles related to our projects.Regarding the English edition, the 4th issue was published in October, 1996, and the 5th issue in March, 1997. These issues introduced GEC's activities and featured information on Japan to overseas readers, for example, global warming countermeasures in Japan.

    Publication of Annual Report (in English and Japanese)

      The Global Environment Centre Foundation Annual Report 1995 (in English and Japanese), a report on GEC's activities in fiscal year 1995, was published. Copies of the report were distributed to organisations concerned in Japan and overseas.
Training Projects

    JICA Environment Management Seminar

      Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC along with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of the Osaka Municipal Government hosted the Environment Management Seminar. This seminar aims to improve the abilities of those administrators who play major roles in environmental management, formulating measures for comprehensive environment management plans in developing countries. Ten participants from ten countries participated in this seminar. Lectures, discussions and visits to environmental facilities took place during the approximately one month long seminar.
      • Training period:
        June 17 - July 19, 1996
      • Participants' country of origin:
        Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Panama, Paraguay, Surinam, Uruguay, and Venezuela
      • Major training topics:
        1. Lectures/Discussions/Tours
          Global environmental preservation and sustainable development
          International initiatives to protect the environment
          Regulatory and legislative action
          Joint action by governments, industry and citizens
        2. Presentation and discussion of country reports
    JICA Training Course in Urban Solid Waste Management

      Commissioned by JICA, GEC along with the Environment Management Bureau of the Osaka Municipal Government, provided a training course on urban waste control. Eight Participants from eight countries were given approximately three months of training. The programme included hands-on training and tours to various facilities as well as lectures on methods to collect urban waste, intermediate treatment, and estimating technology.
      • Training period:
        August 19 - November 15, 1996
      • Participants' country of origin:
        China, Indonesia, Laos, Maldives, Vietnam, Kenya, Brazil, and Nicaragua
      • Major training topics:
        1. Lectures/Hands-on Training/Tours
          Outline of regional administration in Osaka
          Pollution control measures
          Outline of waste treatment
          General waste treatment
          Intermediate treatment facilities
          Final disposal sites
          Restrictions on industrial waste treatment
        2. Presentation and discussion of country reports
        3. Formulation of initiatives
    JICA Training Course in Air Pollution Control

      Commissioned by JICA, GEC along with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of the Osaka Municipal Government provided a training on air pollution control. Ten participants from ten countries were given approximately three months of training. The programme included hands-on training and tours to various facilities, as well as lectures on air pollution control technology, measurement technology, estimating technology and management technology.
      • Training period:
        September 24 - December 19, 1996
      • Participants' countries of origin:
        Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Jamaica, and Mexico
      • Major training topics:
        1. Lectures Basic knowledge on air pollution
          Air pollution control technology
          Air pollution measurement technology
          Air pollution estimating technology Environmental management technology
        2. Hands-on training
          Flue Gas desulfurisation technology
          Measurement technology
          Environmental management technology
        3. Facility tours Dust collection facility
          Odor control facility
          Denitration facility
          Facility utilising exhaust desulfurisation waste
          Thermal power plant
          Coal combustion facility
        4. Presentation and discussion of country reports
    JICA Training Course on Heavy Metal Pollution Control
      GEC along with the Department of Environment and Public Health, Osaka Prefectural Government provided a new training course on heavy metal pollution control. Commissioned by JICA, this course aims to train versatile personnel who can formulate measures to prevent environ-mental pollution caused by heavy metals. Six participants from six countries were given approximately two months of training. The programme included hands-on training and tours to various facilities, as well as lectures on heavy metal pollution control measures and analysis.
      • Training period:
        February 3 - March 27, 1997
      • Participants' countries of origin:
        Philippines, Thailand, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico
      • Major training topics:
        1. Lectures
          Outline of heavy metals
          Efforts made against heavy metal pollution in Japan
          Air pollution prevention measures
          Water pollution prevention measures
          Soil contamination prevention measures
        2. Hands-on training
          Analysis by atomic absorption spectrometer
          Sampling and analysis of suspended particles in atmosphere
          Analysis of industrial waste water
          Sampling and analysis of river water
          Analysis of heavy metals in soil/waste
          Analysis of cadmium in brown rice
        3. Facility tours
          Air pollution prevention facility
          Industrial waste water treatment facility
          Incineration plant
          Sewage treatment plant/water purification plant
        4. Presentation and discussion of country reports
        5. Formulation of initiatives
Seminar and Symposium Projects
    International Conference of Realisation on Model Environmental Metropolises

      In collaboration with the Global Environment Forum-KANSAI, GEC held the "International Conference of Realisation on Model Environmental Metropolises" where the development of metropolises considering the environment was discussed.

        Date: June 12, 1996
        International House, Osaka, "Sakura"
        Global Environment Forum-KANSAI, GEC
        Number of participants:
        about 200
        Topics and speakers: (honorifics omitted)

          (1)Keynote Speech
          - Keijin Kamino (Professor: Faculty of General Education, Tezukayama University)
          "Proposal for the Realization on the Model Environmental Metropolises"
          - Noboru Masuda (Assistant Professor: Agricultural Department, University of Osaka Prefecture)
          "Urban Development and Environmental Systems"
          - Masaru Nakagawa Assistant Professor: Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University)
          "Cooperate Cpnference Establishing Sustainable Yantai City"
          - Yoshimasa Kato (Professor: Department of Economics, Kobe University of Commerce)
          "Environmental Situation of Yantai City and envionmental Plan"
          - Ding Yi Fang (Manager: Yantai Municipal Bureau of Environmental Protection)
          "Improvement the Urban Environment in Germany-Issues and Policy"
          - R. U. Sprenger (Chief of Environmental Economic Section: ifo Institute)

    Cooperation for The Experts' Meeting for APEC Environmental Technology Exchange Symposium

      The Council of Environmental Technical Exchange Promotion of the Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation Organisation (APEC) opened the "The Experts' Meeting for APEC Environmental Technology Exchange Symposium and Virtual Centre Seminar" from November 11 to 19, and GEC assisted in these events as a member of this council. This seminar was held to study the functions of the APEC Virtual Centre, which is aiming to provide and exchange information on environmental technology via the Internet. GEC took charge of the session "Activities of GEC and Information Provision Status" and introduced the activities of UNEP IETC, GEC and their homepage.

    Exhibition and Assistance to New Earth '96

      GEC co-operated in the "Global Environment Technology Show" New Earth '96, held by the Osaka International Trade Fair Commission and other supporters. This technology show aims to contribute to the solution of global environmental problems by exhibiting Japanese and overseas equipment and technology on global environmental conservation and recycling, promoting activities and technical exchange in this field. GEC exhibited panels and distributed publications jointly with UNEP IETC, and demonstrated environmental technology information from its home page. GEC also assisted in co-ordinating "International Symposium," a concurrent event.

        Title:Global Environment Technology Show, New Earth '96
        Challenge: The Environmental Rebirth of Earth
        November 3 - 16, 1996
        INTEX Osaka

          - Osaka International Trade Fair Commission (OITFC)
          - Japan Society of Industrial Machinery Manufacturers
          - Research Institute of Innovative Technology for Earth (RITE)
        Special co-operating organisations:
          - New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organisation (NEDO)
          - International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer (ICETT)
          - Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC)

        Concurrent event:
          New Earth '96 International Symposium
        Date: November 14-15, 1996

          Cosmo Square International Education and Training Centre
          - (Session I)
          Global warming issues: "Global Warming Countermeasures-Energy Strategy"
          - (Session II)
          Waste issues: "Waste Disposal Toward 21st Century"

    Symposium on Possible Effects of Global Warming on Japan

      GEC opened the "Symposium on Possible Effects of Global Warming on Japan-Nature and Life Changes? Threat of Global Warming-" jointly with the Global Environment Forum-KANSAI and the Global and Human Environment Forum. The objective of this symposium is to raise awareness of the general public on global warming, and promote co-operation in this area.

        Date: January 27, 1997
        International House, Osaka, "Sakura" Room

          - GEC
          - Global Environment Forum-KANSAI
          - Global and Human Environment Forum
          - Environment Agency of Japan
          - Osaka Prefectural Government
          - Osaka Municipal Government
          - Science and Technology Agency
          - Ministry of Foreign Affairs
          - Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
          - Ministry of International Trade and Industry
          - Ministry of Transport
          - Meteorological Agency
          - Ministry of Construction
          - Kyoto Prefectural Government
          - Kyoto Municipal Government
          - Kobe Municipal Government
          - International House, Osaka
        Number of participants: about 350
        Topics and Speakers (honorifics omitted)

          "Recent Trend of Global Warming"
          - Katsunori Suzuki
          (Chief: Global Warming International Promotion Room, Control and Cooperation Division, Global Environment Department, Planning and Coordination Bureau, Environment Agency)
          "Current Status of Global Warming Problems-Global Warming Already Started? Approaching Crisis"
          - Hideo Harasawa (Chief: Environmental Planning Room, Social Environment System Department, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Environmental Agency)
          "Influence on Nature in Japan-What will happen to Japan's beautiful nature?"
          - Masatoshi Yoshino (Professor: Faculty of Literature, Aichi University)
          "Influence on Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Industries-What will happen to Japanese food production?"
          - Kastu Kiyono
          (Director: Resources and Ecology Management Department, National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)
          "Influence on Water Resources and Water Environment in Japan-Indispensable water for life-Quantity and quality of water resources OK?"
          - Kaoru Takara (Assistant Professor: Water Resources Research Centre, Disaster Prevention Research Laboratory, Kyoto University)
          "Influence on Coastal Region, Urban Life and Basic Facilities of Society-Surprising! Big influence of 50 cm rise of sea level"
          - Nobuo Mimura (Professor: Urban Systems Engineering Department, Ibaraki University)
          "Countermeasures and Action to Prevent and Lessen Influence-Unimaginable risk of global warming-What are the preventive measures?"
          - Akihiro Amano (Dean, Professor: General Policy Department, Kwansei Gakuin University

    International Symposium on Measures Against Global Warming

      In collaboration with the Global Environment Forum-KANSAI, the Japan Environment Association, and the Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc., GEC held the "International Symposium on Measures against Global Warming in Osaka-Initiatives in Climate Protection for Sustainable Development " Principally targeting industry related personnel, the purpose of this symposium is to promote understanding of the urgent need for initiatives in climate change, and to request co-operative efforts.

      Date: March 28, 1997
      Rihga Royal NCB: "Matsu" Room

        Environment Agency of Japan, Global Environment Centre Foundation, Global Environment Forum-KANSAI, Japan Environment Association, Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc.
        - Osaka Prefectural Government
        - Osaka Municipal Government
        - The Osaka Industrial Association
        - Ministry of Foreign Affairs
        - Ministry of International Trade and Industry
        - Kansai Local Government Council for COP3 Kyoto '97
        - UNEP International Environmental Technology Centre
      Number of participants: about 180
      Topics and speakers (honorifics omitted):

        (1)Keynote Speech
        "Global Climate Change: The Need for Technology Innovation and Diffusion"
        - James McKenzie (Senior Associate: Climate, Energy and Pollution Program, World Resources Institute)
        (2)Panel Discussion

          - Akihiro Amano(Dean: School of Policy Studies, Kwansei Gakuin University)
          - James McKenzie
          - Kilaparti Ramakrishina(Senior Associate: Woods Hole Research Centre)
          - Kazuhiro Ueta(Professor: Faculty of Economics, Kyoto University)
          - Kimio Ishimaru(Vice Chairman: Environmental Problem Committee, Osaka Industrial Association/ President: Kansai Research Institute)
Other Activities
    Co-operation for the Global Environment Seminar "How to Realise an Ecological Lifestyle in 21st Century"

      The Global Environment Seminar "How to Realise an Ecological Lifestyle in the 21st Century Aiming at a Resource Recycling Society" was held by the Sankei Shimbun Inc. on September 24, 1996, at the International House, Osaka. GEC supported this seminar and co-operated in planning, designing and in the selection of speakers.

    Participation in the 5th Northeast Asian Conference on EnvironmentalCo-operation

      The "5th Northeast Asian Conference on Environmental Co-operation" was held by the National Bureau of Environment Protection in China from October 7 to 8, 1996 in Beijing, China. At this conference, personnel in charge of the environment from China, Mongolia, Russia, Korea and Japan introduced their respective efforts in the environmental field, and discussed how environmental co-operation in Northeast Asia should be. GEC participated in this conference as a member of the Japanese mission, and introduced efforts in cleaner production and environmental management systems and audits in Japan.

    Participation in International Planning conference of NEAR (Northeast Asia Region) Project

      GEC participated in the "International Planning Conference of NEAR Project" held by the Sasagawa Peace Foundation and other supporters in Dailen, China, from October 14 to 16, 1996. This conference aims to analyse the socio-economic and technical aspects of environmental problems that occur in the Northeast Asian region, and to study how technology and the experience of cities, which have found solutions to these problems, can be applied to other cities. The "International Joint Project on Environment and Development" was discussed and the establishment of an environment network organisation was proposed.

    Participation in Japan-China Environmental Co-operation

      GEC participated in the "Japan-China Environmental Co-operation City Conference" held in Kitakyushu City from November 20 to 22, 1996 as a representative of Osaka City. This conference was held to discuss international co-operation to solve global environmental problems. GEC made a presentation on exchanges between the two cities of Osaka and Shanghai, and on Japan-China joint research on automobile emissions conducted by GEC.

    Participation in 11th Japan-China Symposium on Environmental Science

      GEC participated in the "11th Japan-China Symposium on Environmental Science" held in Chiba Prefecture by the Japan-China Science and Technology Exchange Association and the Chinese Research Academy of Sciences, on November 22 to 24, 1996. In the post-congress activities held on November 25, GEC made a presentation on joint research on automobile emissions, which GEC conducted with the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences.

    Participation in International Workshop on National Initiative Regarding Climate Change

      From January 6 to 10, 1997, GEC participated in a workshop held by the Environment Ministry of Indonesia in Bogor City, Indonesia. This conference supports the formulation and review of national initiatives on climate change countermeasures for developing countries and countries with economies in transition. GEC explained the status of this issue in Japan at this workshop.

    Assisting International Exchange Forum Projects

      From January 20 to 25, 1997, the Pacific Personnel Exchange Centre Foundation held a forum for administrators who are engaged in waste treatment in the Asia Pacific region. The objective of this forum is to discuss the current status and problems of urban solid waste management, and to promote international exchange in this field. GEC supported this project, taking charge of a part of the forum.

    Participation in 5th International Environment Co-operation Forum, West Japan

      The 5th meeting of the International Environment Co-operation Forum, West Japan, of which GEC is a member, was held by the International Center for Environmental Management of Enclosed Coastal Seas. on March 6, 1997. Each participating organisation reported on their project plans and exchanged information. Discussions to further develop this forum also took place.

    Promotion of JCB Card

      GEC promoted a credit card system jointly developed with JCB Co. Ltd. Under this system, a part of the amount paid when using the card is automatically contributed to GEC. Accordingly, card users can support global environment conservation activities without making special donations. GEC promoted awareness of environmental problems through this card.

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