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Activities in Fiscal Year 1995

(October 1996)
[UNEP IETC Osaka Support projects]
Activities to Support General Management
    Participation in the 18th UNEP Governing Council

      From May 15 to 26, 1995, President Dr. Kumagai visited Nairobi, Kenya to participate in the 18th UNEP Governing Council. On this occasion, Dr. Kumagai held a discussion with Executive Director Dowdeswell of UNEP.

    Participation in the 2nd Meeting of the UNEP IETC International Advisory Board

      On July 1, 1995, the 2nd meeting of the UNEP IETC International Advisory Board (IAB) was held at a guesthouse adjacent to the UNEP IETC Osaka. The Board functions as a special advisory organisation under the UNEP Executive Director.
      Dr. Kumagai, president of GEC participated in this meeting as a ex-officio member. At the meeting, GEC reviewed its activities as a supporting foundation to UNEP IETC, and demonstrated a system to present the prototype of UNEP IETC's environmental technology database on the Internet.

    Dispatching Cooperation Staff etc.

      GEC provided necessary facilities to UNEP IETC Osaka. It also assisted the centre's activities by dispatching technical experts and general staff.

Collecting and Providing Information Projects

    Opening of Homepages

      In order to improve the UNEP IETC's ability to provide information GEC assisted the centre in developing its Homepage (opened in February 1996).
      GEC's own Homepage, designed to disseminate environment-related information to the whole world, was opened in December 1995.

    Establishment of a Database on Environmental Equipment Produced in Japan

      In order to support the UNEP IETC's effort to develop a database on environmentally sound technologies, GEC set up a database on environmental equipment produced in Japan, by commission of the Environmental Agency. The Japan society of Industrial Machinery Manufacturers (JSIM) cooperated in this project. The database compiled the information of the "Introduction of Japanese Advanced Environmental Equipment", which was published by JSIM to accumulate technical information from its member companies. Through the Internet, GEC's Homepage provides information (comprising texts, tables, flow charts and photographs) on the outline of more than 500 types of equipment for air pollution control, water pollution control, waste treatment, and noise and vibration control.

    Study Mission to Developing Countries by Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology

      The Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology (Chairperson:Professor Nobuo Takeda of Kyoto University), was established within GEC. Its goal is to collect information on Japan's environmental conservation technologies, and to promote the transfer of these technologies to developing countries. From December 10 to 20, 1995, a study group headed by Prof. Takeda visited Southeast Asia, to study the present status of, the needs for, and the tasks related to, environmental conservation technology in the region. The objective of this study was to promote the transfer of environmental conservation technologies most suited to respective developing countries. The group consisted of 15 Committee members comprising GEC staff and representatives of Osaka Prefectural Government, Osaka Municipal Government and environmental equipment manufacturers. In Southeast Asia, the group conducted studies on the present status of environmental pollution, measures taken for environmental conservation and related future plans.
      • Places visited:
        1. Viet Nam
        - Committee for Environmental Affairs, Ho Chi Minh City and two others
        2. Indonesia
        - Embassy of Japan and eight others
        3. Thailand
        - Environmental Research and Training Center (ERTC) and five others
    Publication of Information on Environmental Preservation Technology

      The Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology (Chairperson: Professor Nobuo Takeda of Kyoto University) is compiling a series of publication on technologies for environmental preservation. In fiscal 1995, the Committee compiled "Air Pollution Control Technology in Japan"(in English), a revised version of the first edition published in fiscal 1994, and a "Waste Treatment Technology in Japan."(in English)

    Research of Information on "On-Site Green Technique"

      GEC prepared the Japanese and English versions of a technical report on basic environmental conservation techniques and inventions, acquired by corporations at manufacturing plants, construction sites etc. The report is designed to help corporations share these techniques and inventions, and to offer them to developing countries. This report is based on the results of a questionnaire made in fiscal 1994. Subsequently, a study based on interviews were conducted to process the results into high-quality technical information. Environmental conservation techniques (On-Site Green Techniques) thus obtained are classified into categories: energy; solid wastes; containers and packaging materials; liquid wastes and sludge; exhaust and odour; and noise and vibration.
    • Project title:
      Research of Information on On-Site Green Technique in Japan

    Survey of Overseas Environmental Technology Information

      Commissioned by the Environmental Agency, and jointly with UNEP IETC, GEC engaged in the development of an efficient system to collect the information on environmental technologies in developed countries, and in the establishment of the collaborative relationship with organisations to collect urban environmental information in developing countries. GEC sent its missions to Europe, Southeast Asia and China as shown below
      (Project title: Survey of Environmental Technology Information Database Expansion)
    • Mission to Europe
      • Date:
        October 7 -22
      • Objective:
        to study the status of collecting information on environmental technologies in European countries; to discuss possibilities of cooperation in setting a system to collect information on technology in Europe; and other related subjects; to attend the Experts Meeting on Information Systems on Environmentally Sound Technologies.
      • Places visited:
          1. Austria
          - Department for Foreign Economic Affairs, Austrian Federal Economic Chamber
          2. France
          - "Experts' Meeting on Information Systems on Environmentally Sound Technologies" (October 9 -11, 1995)
          - European and International Affairs Department, Agence de l'Environnement et de la Maitrise de l'Eergie (ADEME)
          3. England
          - The Department of Trade and Industry, England
          4. German
          - Verband Deutscher Maschinen-und Anlagenbau e. V. (VDMA)
          5. Sweden
          - Enheten for Energie-och Miljoeteknik, Naerings-och teknikutvecklingsverket (NUTEK)
          6. Belgium
          - European Commission
    • Mission to Southeast Asia
      • Date:
        February 10 -18, 1996
      • Objective:
        to conduct preparatory studies for the establishment of urban environmental information data base in Southeast Asian countries; and studies on the use of the Internet in Southeast Asia.
      • Places visited:
          1. Singapore
          - Regional Institute of Environmental Technology (RIET) and one other
          2. Malaysia
          - Malaisian Agricultural University and two others
          3. Thailand
          - Environmental Research and Training Center (ERTC) and four others
    • Mission to China
      • Date:
        March 10 -19,1996
      • Objective:
        to study the present status of efforts in developing a database on environmental information and its sources, as well as facilitating information communication network, and utilising the Internet. In addition to establish a system for cooperation to collect environmental information.
      • Places visited:
        China
        - Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Centre and ten others

    Publication of the Japanese Version of "IETC's INSIGHT"

      GEC in conjunction with the International Lake Environment Committee Foundation (ILEC) published a Japanese version of "IETC's INSIGHT", UNEP IETC newsletter. In the Japanese version, not only the translated articles but also the articles introducing the various activities of GEC and ILEC have been incorporated.

Training Projects
    Assistance to Workshop on Environmental Economics

      The 3rd International Workshop on Environmental Economics was held at the UNEP IETC Osaka from September 26 to 28, 1995, the UNEP Regional Office in the Asia-Pacific (UNEP/ROAP) organised this workshop with cooperation of UNEP IETC. Commissioned by the UNEP/ROAP, GEC assisted in managing the workshop, for example by preparing materials for discussion. Professor Kazuhiro Ueta of Kyoto University, a workshop coordinator, served as the leader for GEC's supporting activities.

    Participation in the Pilot Workshop of Environment Assessment

      The Pilot Workshop for Training Leaders in Environmental Technology Assessment, which is the first training project of its kind sponsored by UNEP IETC, was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from November 11 to 18, 1995. A member of GEC attend the workshop to support UNEP IETC's management by making proposals to improve the project.

Other Activities
    Organisation of the International Symposium on Citizens' Contribution to Sustainable Development

      GEC, together with Osaka Prefectural Government, Osaka Municipal Government and UNEP IETC, held a symposium entitled "International Symposium on Citizens' Contribution to Sustainable Development Earth, Environment, Citizens, and the New Lifestyle."
      This symposium, attended by specialists from Japan and abroad, was aimed at clarifying the present status and tasks of the development and the environmental problems in developing countries. Participants also discussed contributions on how individual citizens could make as global citizens. Events held concurrently with the symposium comprised a session at which the audience talked with panellists from abroad; a session for reporting on the environment-related circumstances of foreign countries by people publicly recruited and sent abroad by the Global Environment WID Committee (see page 15); a forum featuring speeches on the activities of international environmental organisations; an exhibition of award winning works at the UNEP Photographic Competition on the Environment; panel exhibitions and video presentations by international organisations and corporations; and an event featuring information presentation via the Internet.
    • Date:
      March 29-30, 1996
    • Venue:
      Osaka Prefectural Women's Center (Dawn Center)
    • Number of participants:
      1,500 (total)

    Assistance in Organising the International Symposium on Earthquake Waste

      UNEP IETC, Japan Waste Management Consultant Association and International Solid Waste Association, co-organised the International Symposium on Earthquake Waste. It was held at International House, Osaka on June 12 and 13, 1995. The symposium's objective was to find ways to treat waste generated from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (Kobe Earthquake), by using the experiences of various countries with demolition waste treatment. GEC assisted the symposium management and the participant's visit to an earthquake-related waste disposal site.

[Independent Projects of GEC]

Survey and Research Projects
    Promotion of Environmental Management System and Audit

      Environmental management system and audit is indispensable tools for ensuring sustainable development which is compatible with global environment conservation. In future, these systems will represent an important part of a corporation's effort towards environmental conservation. In 1996, the International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) will issue the international standard (ISO14001) on the systems. After the issue of the standard not only Japan but also developing countries will have to take specific action.
      To promote environmental management system and audit and accumulate related know-how, GEC assisted the Osaka Industrial Association in editing its Guidebook for the Preparation of Rules on Environmental Management. With the same aim, GEC and the Association jointly held a symposium on environmental management and audit as well.
      • 1st Symposium on the Environment and Corporate Management in the 21st Century
        "Introduction of Environmental Management System and Audit An Urgent Task"
          • Date:
            May 11, 1995
          • Venue:
            Teijin Hall
          • Number of participants:
            274
      • 2nd Symposium on the Environment and Corporate Management in the 21st Century
        "Establishment and Operation of Environmental Management System and Audit a Case Study"
          • Date:
            March 6, 1996
          • Venue:
            International House, Osaka
          • Number of participants:
            157
      GEC also gave a training course for environmental auditors, whose services are essential in promoting environmental management systems and audit. This project is designed in accordance with the standards of the Environmental Auditors Registration Association (EARA) in Britain; participation in this course is required to register as an environmental auditor at EARA.

    Studies on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries

      GEC established the Research Group on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries (Representative: Yutaka Suzuki, Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, Osaka University), consisting of researchers, administrators and journalists. The Group conducted joint studies for technology transfer with a Chinese group, since automobile exhaust emissions have become a serious problem in China. In fiscal 1995, the Group sent three missions, as shown below. In July 1995, members of the Group attended a Seminar on the Development of the Automobile Industry and the Urban Environment, to present the relevant experience of Japan and to make proposals for future studies. Subsequently, the Group continued discussions with the Chinese counterpart on the practical aspects of the studies. In December 1995, the Japanese and Chinese parties exchanged memorandums of an agreement on the contents, target cities and other details of the joint studies, aimed at controlling the volume of emissions from automobiles.
      (Project title: "Studies on Issues Related to Automobile Exhaust in China." )
      • 2nd mission
        • Date:
          June 7-11, 1995
        • Objective:
          to study the possibilities of a joint research with China on issues related to automobile exhaust
        • Places visited:
          - China-Japan Friendship Environmental Protection Centre and one other
      • 3rd mission
        • Date:
          July 23-27, 1995
        • Objective:
          to participate in the Seminar on the Development of the Automobile Industry and the Urban Environment (an event focussed on technical cooperation between Japan and China), and discussion, with China, of joint studies on automobile exhaust emissions
        • Places visited:
          - China-Japan Friendship Environmental Protection Centre and two others
      • 4th mission
        • Date:
          December 10-14,1995
        • Objective:
          to discuss joint studies between Japan and China, on automobile-related issues in China, and conclude memorandum of an agreement reached through the discussion
        • Places visited:
          - China-Japan Friendship Environmental Protection Centre and one other

    Assistance to Developing Countries in Coping with Air Pollution

      Air pollution has become serious in developing countries, particularly in East Asia. In response to this situation and the commission from the Environment Agency, GEC is preparing a manual on technologies to prevent air pollution caused by thermal power plant. Its aim is to provide information and technologies with developing countries which Japan has achieved to prevent air pollution from fixed sources such as plants. For preparation of the manual, GEC organised the Sectional Meeting on Thermal Power Plants (Chairperson: Professor Yasuaki Maeda, the Faculty of Engineering, University of Osaka Prefecture), consisting of researchers, administrators, members of electric companies responsible for environmental affairs, and others. In the frame work of a two-year plan ending in fiscal 1996, the members of the Meeting are engaged in the collection and compilation of technical information. In addition, GEC sent two members on the mission to China, as shown below, in cooperation with the Overseas Environmental Cooperation Centre (OECC). The objective of these missions was to investigate the status of air pollution caused by coal-fired thermal power plants in several Chinese cities.
      (Project title:"Assistance to Developing Countries in Coping with Air Pollution from Fixed Pollutant Sources (thermal power plants)." )
      • Preparatory studies
        • Date:
          November 19-26, 1995
        • Objective:
          to secure the cooperation of China, select model regions and collect related information in advance of the on-site investigation, in model region to prepare the manual
        • Organisations visited:
          - China National Environmental Protection Bureau and nine others
      • Main studies
        • Date:
          February 28-March 11, 1996
        • Objective:
          to investigate the status of air pollution in China caused by coal-fired thermal power plants Organisations visited:
          - China National Environmental Protection Bureau and six others

    Dispatch of Selected Members for Overseas Environmental Fact-finding Mission

      GEC established the Global Environment WID (Women in Development) Committee (Chairperson, Ms. Masako Miwa) to study the influence of industrial development and pollution in developing countries on the health and living environment of women, as well as on women's initiatives for global environmental conservation. Another objective of the committee is to develop global partnerships and networking for environmental conservation. The committee asked for public plans of overseas study with full attention to the women's point of view. The study was centered on the relation between women and the global environment and industrial development. As a result of screening by the committee, four out of 102 plans submitted from all over Japan were selected as being excellent, and applicants of them were chosen to be the committee's mission members. Three of the four investigators were sent to Sweden, the Philippines and Vietnam respectively. (The remaining member was not dispatched because of political unrest in the targeted country.) The investigators not only studied the present status of the environment in these countries, but also held discussions with members of various local women's groups and organisations. They also established a network for international exchange and assistance, aimed at forming global partnerships for environmental conservation. They reported the achievements at the Report Session on On-site Investigation into the Status of the Environment in Foreign Countries held concurrently with the International Symposium on Citizens' Contribution to Sustainable Development.

    Field Test of Power Generation by Solar Cell and Fuel Cell

      The application of solar cell generation and fuel cell generation, which are considered to be a future source of energy with the least environmental impact, meets the fundamental concept of the UNEP IETC Osaka, GEC, in joint efforts with NEDO, has conducted field tests on solar cell generation and fuel cell generation. The results were recorded, analysed and submited to NEDO.


Collecting and Providing Information Projects
    Survey of Information Sources on Environmental Technologies

      GEC has been compiling data on professional and corporations in Japan possessing environmental preservation technologies. The survey was conducted on their technologies, as well as on their intention to cooperate with GEC's projects; and about the conditions under which they can cooperate. In fiscal 1995, GEC confirmed these data to update the information. Methods of disseminating information through the Internet within a limited groups were also studied.

    Preparing a Publication on Technology for Environmental Conservation in English

      GEC, in joint project with UNEP/IE (United Nations Environment Programme/the Industry and Environment) has been working on English publications on wastewater treatment technology; especially regarding "cleaner production" processes (production engineering for pollution reduction).

    Maintaining a Library on Global Environmental Conservation

      In participation for the public opening of GEC library, a new management and reference system was introduced GEC continues to enrich its collection of books on global environment conservation hope for a better diffusion of information for specialist in the field. (Subsidies are from the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications funds raised by the sale of New Year's post cards with lottery numbers.)

    Publication of GEC Newsletters (in Japanese and English)

      The seventh issue of the GEC Newsletter was published in September 1995, the eighth issue in December 1995, and the ninth issue in April 1996. The new layout was designed for the seventh and subsequent issues to present not only GEC's activities, but also relevant information from overseas. The newsletter's new features include articles by specialists on the status of wastes in countries in the Western Pacific region.
      Regarding the English version, the second issue was published in October 1995, and the third issue in March 1996. These issues introduce GEC's activities and provide Japanese information, for example Osaka City's experience in coping with environmental pollution in the 1960's and the 1970's, and the efforts of environmental organisations in Japan to resolve environmental problems to foreign readers.

    Publication of the Annual Report (in Japanese and English)

      The Global Environment Centre Foundation Annual Report 1994 (in Japanese and English); a report on GEC's activities in fiscal 1994 was published. Copies of the Report were distributed to organisations concerned in Japan and abroad.
Training Projects
    JICA Training Course in Urban Solid Waste Management

      Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC, together with the Environment Management Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government, provided training in urban waste control. Seven trainees from five different countries were given approximately three months of training. The programme included hands-on training and tours of various facilities as well as lectures on methods to collect urban waste, intermediate treatment, and final treatment processes.

      • Training period:
        August 21-November 10, 1995
      • Trainees' countries of origin:
        Thailand, Phillipines, Indonesia, China, Brazil

    JICA Training Course in Air Pollution Control

      Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC, together with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government, provided training in air pollution control. Nine trainees from nine different countries were given approximately three months of training. The programme included not only lectures in air pollution control technology, measurement technology and forecasting technology but also provided hands-on training and tours to various facilities.

      • Training period:
        September 25-December 22, 1995
      • Trainees' countries of origin:
        China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Phillipines, Thailand, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Peru

    JICA Environment Management Seminar

      Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC, together with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government, provided the Environment Management Seminar. This Seminar aimed at improving the abilities of senior engineers for preparing comprehensive environmental management plans. In fiscal 1995, 12 trainees from 11 Asian countries participated in the Seminar. Lectures, discussions and visits to environmental facilities took place during the approximately one-month period of the Seminar.

      • Training period:
        January 26-March 1, 1996
      • Trainees' countries of origin:
        Bangladesh, China, India,
        Indonesia, Laos, Moldives, Nepal,
        Pakistan, Thailand, Iran and
        Azerbaijan

Seminars and Symposium Projects
    International Symposium on the Economic Growth, Environment and the Role of Japan in the Dynamic Asian Economies

      In collaboration with the Global Environment Forum-KANSAI, GEC held an international symposium entitled "the Economic Growth, Environment and the Role of Japan in the Dynamic Asian Economies." This symposium, attended by specialists from Asian countries, was planned to discuss the efforts of these countries to harmonise economic development and environmental conservation, as well as contributions Japan should make to these efforts. The symposium programme consisted of a keynote speech and a panel discussion, followed by a summary of the discussion and the presentation of a proposal.

      • Date:
        October 20,1995
      • Venue:
        Royal Hall, Royal Hotel in Osaka
      • Number of participants:
        220

Other Activities
    Participation in the 4th Liaison Conference of the Western Japan International Environmental Cooperation Organisation

      On November 16, 1995, the 4th Liaison Conference of the Western Japan International Environmental Cooperation Organisation was held under the auspices of the KITA Environmental Cooperation Center(KITA/ECC) under the Kitakyushu International Technological Cooperation Association. The speech given by Director Shinichiro Omote of JICA was followed by a report of business plans and a exchange of opinions by participating organisations .

    Cooperation in the World Conference on Environment-friendly City Planning and Lifestyle

      As an effort to follow up the results of the Earth Summit, the Environmental Agency co-organised the World Conference on Environment-friendly City Planning and Lifestyle at Pacifico Yokohama from November 2 to 4, 1995. This conference focused on the role of local governments to solve urban environmental problems and ensure sustainable development. Representatives from local authorities, national government and international organisations throughout the world gathered at the conference to exchange their views and experiences and discuss future policies. Dr. Nobuaki Kumagai, President of GEC served as a member of the executive committee for the conference.

    Cooperation with JCB Card

      Jointly with JCB Co., Ltd., GEC developed a new type of credit card system. Under this system, part of the amount paid through the card is automatically contributed to GEC; accordingly, users of the card can support GEC's activities for global environmental conservation without making special donations. The card has proved useful in enlightening the public on environmental problems.

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