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Activities in Fiscal Year 1995
(October 1996)[UNEP IETC Osaka Support projects]
Activities to Support General Management
From May 15 to 26, 1995, President Dr. Kumagai visited Nairobi, Kenya to participate in the 18th UNEP Governing Council. On this occasion, Dr. Kumagai held a discussion with Executive Director Dowdeswell of UNEP.
Participation in the 2nd Meeting of the UNEP IETC International Advisory Board
On July 1, 1995, the 2nd meeting of the UNEP IETC International Advisory Board (IAB) was held at a guesthouse adjacent to the UNEP IETC Osaka. The Board functions as a special advisory organisation under the UNEP Executive Director.
Dr. Kumagai, president of GEC participated in this meeting as a ex-officio member. At the meeting, GEC reviewed its activities as a supporting foundation to UNEP IETC, and demonstrated a system to present the prototype of UNEP IETC's environmental technology database on the Internet.
Dispatching Cooperation Staff etc.
GEC provided necessary facilities to UNEP IETC Osaka. It also assisted the centre's activities by dispatching technical experts and general staff.
Collecting and Providing Information Projects
Opening of Homepages
In order to improve the UNEP IETC's ability to provide information GEC assisted the centre in developing its Homepage (opened in February 1996).
GEC's own Homepage, designed to disseminate environment-related information to the whole world, was opened in December 1995.
Establishment of a Database on Environmental Equipment Produced in Japan
In order to support the UNEP IETC's effort to develop a database on environmentally sound technologies, GEC set up a database on environmental equipment produced in Japan, by commission of the Environmental Agency. The Japan society of Industrial Machinery Manufacturers (JSIM) cooperated in this project. The database compiled the information of the "Introduction of Japanese Advanced Environmental Equipment", which was published by JSIM to accumulate technical information from its member companies. Through the Internet, GEC's Homepage provides information (comprising texts, tables, flow charts and photographs) on the outline of more than 500 types of equipment for air pollution control, water pollution control, waste treatment, and noise and vibration control.
Study Mission to Developing Countries by Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology
The Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology (Chairperson:Professor Nobuo Takeda of Kyoto University), was established within GEC. Its goal is to collect information on Japan's environmental conservation technologies, and to promote the transfer of these technologies to developing countries. From December 10 to 20, 1995, a study group headed by Prof. Takeda visited Southeast Asia, to study the present status of, the needs for, and the tasks related to, environmental conservation technology in the region. The objective of this study was to promote the transfer of environmental conservation technologies most suited to respective developing countries. The group consisted of 15 Committee members comprising GEC staff and representatives of Osaka Prefectural Government, Osaka Municipal Government and environmental equipment manufacturers. In Southeast Asia, the group conducted studies on the present status of environmental pollution, measures taken for environmental conservation and related future plans.
The Committee for Studying Transfer of Environmental Technology (Chairperson: Professor Nobuo Takeda of Kyoto University) is compiling a series of publication on technologies for environmental preservation. In fiscal 1995, the Committee compiled "Air Pollution Control Technology in Japan"(in English), a revised version of the first edition published in fiscal 1994, and a "Waste Treatment Technology in Japan."(in English)
Research of Information on "On-Site Green Technique"
GEC prepared the Japanese and English versions of a technical report on basic environmental conservation techniques and inventions, acquired by corporations at manufacturing plants, construction sites etc. The report is designed to help corporations share these techniques and inventions, and to offer them to developing countries. This report is based on the results of a questionnaire made in fiscal 1994. Subsequently, a study based on interviews were conducted to process the results into high-quality technical information. Environmental conservation techniques (On-Site Green Techniques) thus obtained are classified into categories: energy; solid wastes; containers and packaging materials; liquid wastes and sludge; exhaust and odour; and noise and vibration.
Survey of Overseas Environmental Technology Information
Commissioned by the Environmental Agency, and jointly with UNEP IETC, GEC engaged in the development of an efficient system to collect the information on environmental technologies in developed countries, and in the establishment of the collaborative relationship with organisations to collect urban environmental information in developing countries. GEC sent its missions to Europe, Southeast Asia and China as shown below
(Project title: Survey of Environmental Technology Information Database Expansion)
Publication of the Japanese Version of "IETC's INSIGHT"
GEC in conjunction with the International Lake Environment Committee Foundation (ILEC) published a Japanese version of "IETC's INSIGHT", UNEP IETC newsletter. In the Japanese version, not only the translated articles but also the articles introducing the various activities of GEC and ILEC have been incorporated.
The 3rd International Workshop on Environmental Economics was held at the UNEP IETC Osaka from September 26 to 28, 1995, the UNEP Regional Office in the Asia-Pacific (UNEP/ROAP) organised this workshop with cooperation of UNEP IETC. Commissioned by the UNEP/ROAP, GEC assisted in managing the workshop, for example by preparing materials for discussion. Professor Kazuhiro Ueta of Kyoto University, a workshop coordinator, served as the leader for GEC's supporting activities.
Participation in the Pilot Workshop of Environment Assessment
The Pilot Workshop for Training Leaders in Environmental Technology Assessment, which is the first training project of its kind sponsored by UNEP IETC, was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from November 11 to 18, 1995. A member of GEC attend the workshop to support UNEP IETC's management by making proposals to improve the project.
GEC, together with Osaka Prefectural Government, Osaka Municipal Government and UNEP IETC, held a symposium entitled "International Symposium on Citizens' Contribution to Sustainable Development Earth, Environment, Citizens, and the New Lifestyle."
This symposium, attended by specialists from Japan and abroad, was aimed at clarifying the present status and tasks of the development and the environmental problems in developing countries. Participants also discussed contributions on how individual citizens could make as global citizens. Events held concurrently with the symposium comprised a session at which the audience talked with panellists from abroad; a session for reporting on the environment-related circumstances of foreign countries by people publicly recruited and sent abroad by the Global Environment WID Committee (see page 15); a forum featuring speeches on the activities of international environmental organisations; an exhibition of award winning works at the UNEP Photographic Competition on the Environment; panel exhibitions and video presentations by international organisations and corporations; and an event featuring information presentation via the Internet.
Assistance in Organising the International Symposium on Earthquake Waste
UNEP IETC, Japan Waste Management Consultant Association and International Solid Waste Association, co-organised the International Symposium on Earthquake Waste. It was held at International House, Osaka on June 12 and 13, 1995. The symposium's objective was to find ways to treat waste generated from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (Kobe Earthquake), by using the experiences of various countries with demolition waste treatment. GEC assisted the symposium management and the participant's visit to an earthquake-related waste disposal site.
[Independent Projects of GEC]
Survey and Research Projects
Environmental management system and audit is indispensable tools for ensuring sustainable development which is compatible with global environment conservation. In future, these systems will represent an important part of a corporation's effort towards environmental conservation. In 1996, the International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) will issue the international standard (ISO14001) on the systems. After the issue of the standard not only Japan but also developing countries will have to take specific action.
To promote environmental management system and audit and accumulate related know-how, GEC assisted the Osaka Industrial Association in editing its Guidebook for the Preparation of Rules on Environmental Management. With the same aim, GEC and the Association jointly held a symposium on environmental management and audit as well.
Studies on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries
GEC established the Research Group on Automobile-related Issues in Developing Countries (Representative: Yutaka Suzuki, Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, Osaka University), consisting of researchers, administrators and journalists. The Group conducted joint studies for technology transfer with a Chinese group, since automobile exhaust emissions have become a serious problem in China. In fiscal 1995, the Group sent three missions, as shown below. In July 1995, members of the Group attended a Seminar on the Development of the Automobile Industry and the Urban Environment, to present the relevant experience of Japan and to make proposals for future studies. Subsequently, the Group continued discussions with the Chinese counterpart on the practical aspects of the studies. In December 1995, the Japanese and Chinese parties exchanged memorandums of an agreement on the contents, target cities and other details of the joint studies, aimed at controlling the volume of emissions from automobiles.
(Project title: "Studies on Issues Related to Automobile Exhaust in China." )
Assistance to Developing Countries in Coping with Air Pollution
Air pollution has become serious in developing countries, particularly in East Asia. In response to this situation and the commission from the Environment Agency, GEC is preparing a manual on technologies to prevent air pollution caused by thermal power plant. Its aim is to provide information and technologies with developing countries which Japan has achieved to prevent air pollution from fixed sources such as plants. For preparation of the manual, GEC organised the Sectional Meeting on Thermal Power Plants (Chairperson: Professor Yasuaki Maeda, the Faculty of Engineering, University of Osaka Prefecture), consisting of researchers, administrators, members of electric companies responsible for environmental affairs, and others. In the frame work of a two-year plan ending in fiscal 1996, the members of the Meeting are engaged in the collection and compilation of technical information. In addition, GEC sent two members on the mission to China, as shown below, in cooperation with the Overseas Environmental Cooperation Centre (OECC). The objective of these missions was to investigate the status of air pollution caused by coal-fired thermal power plants in several Chinese cities.
(Project title:"Assistance to Developing Countries in Coping with Air Pollution from Fixed Pollutant Sources (thermal power plants)." )
Dispatch of Selected Members for Overseas Environmental Fact-finding Mission
GEC established the Global Environment WID (Women in Development) Committee (Chairperson, Ms. Masako Miwa) to study the influence of industrial development and pollution in developing countries on the health and living environment of women, as well as on women's initiatives for global environmental conservation. Another objective of the committee is to develop global partnerships and networking for environmental conservation. The committee asked for public plans of overseas study with full attention to the women's point of view. The study was centered on the relation between women and the global environment and industrial development. As a result of screening by the committee, four out of 102 plans submitted from all over Japan were selected as being excellent, and applicants of them were chosen to be the committee's mission members. Three of the four investigators were sent to Sweden, the Philippines and Vietnam respectively. (The remaining member was not dispatched because of political unrest in the targeted country.) The investigators not only studied the present status of the environment in these countries, but also held discussions with members of various local women's groups and organisations. They also established a network for international exchange and assistance, aimed at forming global partnerships for environmental conservation. They reported the achievements at the Report Session on On-site Investigation into the Status of the Environment in Foreign Countries held concurrently with the International Symposium on Citizens' Contribution to Sustainable Development.
Field Test of Power Generation by Solar Cell and Fuel Cell
The application of solar cell generation and fuel cell generation, which are considered to be a future source of energy with the least environmental impact, meets the fundamental concept of the UNEP IETC Osaka, GEC, in joint efforts with NEDO, has conducted field tests on solar cell generation and fuel cell generation. The results were recorded, analysed and submited to NEDO.
Collecting and Providing Information Projects
GEC has been compiling data on professional and corporations in Japan possessing environmental preservation technologies. The survey was conducted on their technologies, as well as on their intention to cooperate with GEC's projects; and about the conditions under which they can cooperate. In fiscal 1995, GEC confirmed these data to update the information. Methods of disseminating information through the Internet within a limited groups were also studied.
Preparing a Publication on Technology for Environmental Conservation in English
GEC, in joint project with UNEP/IE (United Nations Environment Programme/the Industry and Environment) has been working on English publications on wastewater treatment technology; especially regarding "cleaner production" processes (production engineering for pollution reduction).
Maintaining a Library on Global Environmental Conservation
In participation for the public opening of GEC library, a new management and reference system was introduced GEC continues to enrich its collection of books on global environment conservation hope for a better diffusion of information for specialist in the field. (Subsidies are from the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications funds raised by the sale of New Year's post cards with lottery numbers.)
Publication of GEC Newsletters (in Japanese and English)
The seventh issue of the GEC Newsletter was published in September 1995, the eighth issue in December 1995, and the ninth issue in April 1996. The new layout was designed for the seventh and subsequent issues to present not only GEC's activities, but also relevant information from overseas. The newsletter's new features include articles by specialists on the status of wastes in countries in the Western Pacific region.
Regarding the English version, the second issue was published in October 1995, and the third issue in March 1996. These issues introduce GEC's activities and provide Japanese information, for example Osaka City's experience in coping with environmental pollution in the 1960's and the 1970's, and the efforts of environmental organisations in Japan to resolve environmental problems to foreign readers.
Publication of the Annual Report (in Japanese and English)
The Global Environment Centre Foundation Annual Report 1994 (in Japanese and English); a report on GEC's activities in fiscal 1994 was published. Copies of the Report were distributed to organisations concerned in Japan and abroad.
Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC, together with the Environment Management Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government, provided training in urban waste control. Seven trainees from five different countries were given approximately three months of training. The programme included hands-on training and tours of various facilities as well as lectures on methods to collect urban waste, intermediate treatment, and final treatment processes.
JICA Training Course in Air Pollution Control
Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC, together with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government, provided training in air pollution control. Nine trainees from nine different countries were given approximately three months of training. The programme included not only lectures in air pollution control technology, measurement technology and forecasting technology but also provided hands-on training and tours to various facilities.
JICA Environment Management Seminar
Commissioned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), GEC, together with the Environment and Public Health Bureau of Osaka Municipal Government, provided the Environment Management Seminar. This Seminar aimed at improving the abilities of senior engineers for preparing comprehensive environmental management plans. In fiscal 1995, 12 trainees from 11 Asian countries participated in the Seminar. Lectures, discussions and visits to environmental facilities took place during the approximately one-month period of the Seminar.
Seminars and Symposium Projects
In collaboration with the Global Environment Forum-KANSAI, GEC held an international symposium entitled "the Economic Growth, Environment and the Role of Japan in the Dynamic Asian Economies." This symposium, attended by specialists from Asian countries, was planned to discuss the efforts of these countries to harmonise economic development and environmental conservation, as well as contributions Japan should make to these efforts. The symposium programme consisted of a keynote speech and a panel discussion, followed by a summary of the discussion and the presentation of a proposal.
On November 16, 1995, the 4th Liaison Conference of the Western Japan International Environmental Cooperation Organisation was held under the auspices of the KITA Environmental Cooperation Center(KITA/ECC) under the Kitakyushu International Technological Cooperation Association. The speech given by Director Shinichiro Omote of JICA was followed by a report of business plans and a exchange of opinions by participating organisations .
Cooperation in the World Conference on Environment-friendly City Planning and Lifestyle
As an effort to follow up the results of the Earth Summit, the Environmental Agency co-organised the World Conference on Environment-friendly City Planning and Lifestyle at Pacifico Yokohama from November 2 to 4, 1995. This conference focused on the role of local governments to solve urban environmental problems and ensure sustainable development. Representatives from local authorities, national government and international organisations throughout the world gathered at the conference to exchange their views and experiences and discuss future policies. Dr. Nobuaki Kumagai, President of GEC served as a member of the executive committee for the conference.
Cooperation with JCB Card
Jointly with JCB Co., Ltd., GEC developed a new type of credit card system. Under this system, part of the amount paid through the card is automatically contributed to GEC; accordingly, users of the card can support GEC's activities for global environmental conservation without making special donations. The card has proved useful in enlightening the public on environmental problems.